𐏋

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𐏋 U+103CB, 𐏋
OLD PERSIAN SIGN XSHAAYATHIYA
𐏊
[U+103CA]
Old Persian 𐏌
[U+103CC]

Old Persian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian *xšáyati, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kšáyati (he rules, he has power over) (whence Sanskrit क्षयति (kṣáyati)), from Proto-Indo-European *tek- (to gain power over, gain control over).

Likely a borrowing from Old Median, being a doublet of Old Persian 𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎶 (xšaça-, realm, province). Cognate with Sanskrit क्षत्र (kṣatrá, might, power), Avestan 𐬑𐬱𐬀𐬚𐬭𐬀 (xšaθra, kingdom), Old Armenian աշխարհ (ašxarh), Ancient Greek κτάομαι (ktáomai, to get, acquire).[1]

Noun[edit]

𐏋 (xšāyaθiya)

  1. king

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kent, Roland G. (1950) Old Persian: grammar, texts, lexicon, New Haven: American Oriental Society