𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣

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Maharastri Prakrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit हस्त (hásta), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *źʰástas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰástas (“hand”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰés-tos, from *ǵʰes-. Cognate with Pali hattha.

Noun[edit]

𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣 (hattham

  1. (anatomy) hand, forearm

Declension[edit]

Maharastri declension of 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣 (masculine)
singular plural
Nominative 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑁄 (hattho) 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀸 (hatthā)
Accusative 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀁 (hatthaṃ) 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑁂 (hatthe) or 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀸 (hatthā)
Instrumental 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑁂𑀡 (hattheṇa) or 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑁂𑀡𑀁 (hattheṇaṃ) 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑁂𑀳𑀺 (hatthehi) or 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑁂𑀳𑀺𑀁 (hatthehiṃ)
Dative 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀸 (hatthā) —
Ablative 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀸𑀑 (hatthāo) or 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀸𑀉 (hatthāu) or 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀸 (hatthā) or 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀸𑀳𑀺 (hatthāhi) or 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀸𑀳𑀺𑀁𑀢𑁄 (hatthāhiṃto) —
Genitive 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀲𑁆𑀲 (hatthassa) 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀸𑀡 (hatthāṇa) or 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀸𑀡𑀁 (hatthāṇaṃ)
Locative 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀫𑁆𑀫𑀺 (hatthammi) or 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑁂 (hatthe) 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑁂𑀲𑀼 (hatthesu) or 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑁂𑀲𑀼𑀁 (hatthesuṃ)
Vocative 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣 (hattha) or 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀸 (hatthā) 𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣𑀸 (hatthā)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • E.B. Cowell (1868) The Prákṛit Prakáśa[1], London: Trübner & Co., page 124
  • Pischel, Richard, Comparative Grammar Of The Prakrit Languages (published 1957), Varanasi: Motilal Banarasidass, 1900, page 215.
  • Woolner, Alfred Cooper, An Introduction to Prakrit‎, Calcutta: Baptist Mission Press, 1917, page 19.
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley, “hásta”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, 1969–1985.

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣 m

  1. Brahmi script form of hattha (“hand”)

Declension[edit]


Sauraseni Prakrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit हस्त (hásta), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *źʰástas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *ȷ́ʰástas (“hand”), from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰés-tos, from *ǵʰes-. Cognate with Pali hattha.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /hət̪.t̪ʰə/

Noun[edit]

𑀳𑀢𑁆𑀣 (hattham

  1. (anatomy) hand

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Turner, Ralph Lilley, “hásta”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, 1969–1985.
  • Alfred C. Woolner (1986) Introduction to Prakrit[2], page 230