-erne

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See also: erne and Erné

Danish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-erne

  1. Marks the plural definite of some nouns.

Synonyms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

The nouns that inflect like this are mostly the same as those who get -er in the plural indefinite. menneske is a notable exception, being inflected mennesket, mennesker, menneskene (although the form menneskerne also occurs occasionally). Words ending in unstressed -er, such as forfatter, usually inflect -er, -eren, -ere, -erne.


Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English -erne; see -ern for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /-ɛrn(ə)/, /-ərn(ə)/, /-rən(ə)/

Suffix[edit]

-erne

  1. (no longer productive) Suffix denoting belonging to or being in an area, cardinal direction, or ordinal direction.
    northerne "northern", southerne "southern", esterne "eastern", westerne "western", nihterne "during the night"

Descendants[edit]

  • English: -ern

Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Old High German -rōni; see -ern for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-erne

  1. Adjective suffix occurring in names for directions
    norþernenorthern
    ,
    sūþernesouthern
    ,
    ēasterneeastern
    ,
    westernewestern

Descendants[edit]