menneske

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Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Danish mænneskæ, borrowed from Old Saxon mennisko, from Proto-West Germanic *manniskō, cognate with German Mensch, Dutch mens (Swedish människa and late Old Norse manneskja are also borrowed from Old Saxon). The noun is derived form the Germanic adjective *manniskaz (human), compare Old Norse menskr, Old English mennisc, Gothic 𐌼𐌰𐌽𐌽𐌹𐍃𐌺𐍃 (mannisks). This adjective is derived from the noun *mann- (man, human) (Danish mand).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /mɛnəskə/, [ˈmɛnn̩sɡ̊ə], [ˈmɛnsɡ̊ə]

Noun[edit]

menneske n (singular definite mennesket, plural indefinite mennesker)

  1. human, human being, man (a member of the species Homo sapiens or related prehistoric species of the genus Homo)
  2. person, people (individuals of all genders and ages)
    Der var alt for mange mennesker i salen
    There were far too many people in the hall

Inflection[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Humans; a Sami indigenous northern European family in Norway, around 1900.

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse manneskja (human being), related to mennskr (human), either from Old Saxon mennisk, mennisko (human being) or from Old Frisian manniska, menneska (human being), both from Proto-Germanic *manniskaz (human being), from *mann- (human being, person, man), from Proto-Indo-European *mon- (man, human being) or *men- (to think, mind, spiritual activity) + *-iskaz, from Proto-Indo-European *-iskos (suffix).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

menneske n (definite singular mennesket, indefinite plural mennesker, definite plural menneska or menneskene)

  1. (zoology) a human or human being; man (the tallest, most abundant, and most intelligent of primates; Homo sapiens.)
    • 1873, Henrik Ibsen, Kejser og Galilæer, page 421:
      mennesker og dyr og træer og urter skabte sine lige efter evige love
      humans and animals and trees and herbs created its just according to eternal laws
    • 1874, Henrik Ibsen, Peer Gynt, page 74:
      gøre menneske til dyr!
      turn man into animals!
    • 1929, Ronald Fangen, Nogen unge mennesker, page 88:
      [jeg] beundrer hvad menneskene kan utrette
      [I] admire what humans can accomplish
    • 2000, Margit Harsson, Stein, page 226:
      [de bygde] enkle hus til periodevis opphold for mennesker og dyr
      [they built] simple houses for periodic stays for humans and animals
    • 2010, Tore Henriksen, I mors liv:
      i forhold til et voksent menneske er cellen ikke større enn et sesamfrø ved foten av Eiffeltårnet – men … minst like komplisert som hele mennesket
      in relation to an adult human, the cell is no larger than a sesame seed at the foot of the Eiffel Tower - but… at least as complicated as the whole human
  2. (biblical) man (humans created in the image of God)
    1. (biblical) man (the opposite of God, the fallen, as opposed to the heavenly and sacred)
      • 1874, Henrik Ibsen, De unges forbund, page 119:
        min færd kan jeg forsvare for Gud og mennesker
        my conduct I can defend before God and men
      • 1886, Henrik Ibsen, Rosmersholm, page 167:
        det er jo ikke så godt for et ensligt fruentimmer at stå imod, kan jeg tro. – Vi er jo alle sammen mennesker
        it is not so good for a single lady to resist, I can believe. - We are all human
      • 1905, Amalie Skram, Samlede Værker II, page 490:
        han havde tigget Gud om kraft og naade til at bli et nyt menneske
        he had begged God for power and grace to become a new man
      det gamle menneskethe fallen man (who has not accepted Jesus Christ)
      det nye mennesketthe new man; born again man
    2. (biblical, obsolete, singular definite with genitive) mankind's
      • 1880, Jonas Lie, Rutland, page 273:
        syvti til otteti favne er menneskens alder
        seventy to eighty fathoms is the age of man
      • 1906, Hans E. Kinck, Livsaanderne, page 61:
        menneskens sind
        the human mind
      • 1904, Knut Hamsun, Det vilde Kor, page 68:
        ligedan er det i menneskens ark
        likewise it is in the ark of man
      menneskens sønnSon of Man; Jesus Christ
  3. an individual, person; human being (especially a sensible, civilised and moral person)
    • 1877, Jørgen Moe, Samlede Skrifter II, page 294:
      [han] bluedes ved at blotte sit indre menneske
      [he] blushed by exposing his inner man
    • 1881, Henrik Ibsen, Gengangere, page 27:
      vi to gamle mennesker
      we two old people
    • 1882, Henrik Ibsen, En folkefiende, page 15:
      unge, kække, frejdige mennesker
      young, handsome, cheerful people
    • 1879, Henrik Ibsen, Et dukkehjem, page 58:
      da får min mand rigtig se, hvilket slet menneske De er
      then my husband will really see what a person you are
    • 1879, Henrik Ibsen, Et dukkehjem, page 167:
      jeg har levet her som et fattigt menneske
      I have lived here as a poor man
    • 1879, Henrik Ibsen, Et dukkehjem, page 171:
      [jeg er ikke bare hustru og mor, men] først og fremst menneske
      [I am not just a wife and mother, but] first and foremost an individual
    • 1873, Henrik Ibsen, Kejser og Galilæer, page 31:
      en pestagtig syge myrded mennesker for fode
      a plague-sickly murdered people for fodder
    • 1918, Gunnar Heiberg, Samlede dramatiske verker II, page 33:
      jeg er da ikke mere end et menneske
      I am no more than a human being
    • 1904, Jacob B. Bull, Folkelivsbilleder II, page 3:
      [hunden] undersøger hans knær og hele lavere menneske
      [the dog] examines his knees and the whole lower man
    • 1929, Ronald Fangen, Nogen unge mennesker, page 92:
      jeg må gi dig den store kompliment at jeg synes du er et menneske
      I have to give you the big compliment that I think you are a person
    • 1950, Aksel Sandemose, Eventyret fra kong Rhascall den syttendes tid om en palmegrønn øy, page 5–6:
      kystboerne kunne i de små samfunnene sine være ordentlige nok mot hverandre, men den fremmede angikk dem ikke som menneske
      the coastal inhabitants could in their small communities be proper enough towards each other, but the stranger did not concern them as human beings
    • 1999, Ola Bauer, Forløperen, page 52:
      her var alt et menneske kunne ønske seg
      here was everything a person could wish for
    • 1999, Ketil Bjørnstad, Fall, page 208:
      dette var mennesker som følte ansvar for sin neste på alle måter, som respekterte nudel-selgeren like mye som sine lærerkolleger
      these were people who felt responsible for their neighbor in every way, who respected the noodle salesman as much as their teacher colleagues
    • 2012, Mette Anthun and Kari Birkeland, Emmas avec:
      Susanne brydde seg om mennesker, og passet på å følge opp folk hun intervjuet
      Susanne cared about people, and made sure to follow up on people she interviewed
    • 1903, Otto Sverdrup, Nyt Land II, page 285:
      selv om det var ulv, fik en være menneske og vise barmhjerlighed
      even though it was a wolf, one got to be human and show mercy
    • 1973, Odd Solumsmoen, Nærme seg livet, page 105:
      han ber om nåde. – La oss være mennesker! formaner han
      he asks for mercy. - Let's be human! he exhorts
    Føle seg som et nytt og bedre menneske
    Feel like a new and better person
    la oss være menneskerlet us be human; reasonable, fair
    1. the sum of a human's characteristics
      • 1896, Hans E. Kinck, Sus, page 118:
        mennesket i ham var blit saa lidet
        the human in him had become so suffered
      • 1898, Kristian Elster, Samlede Skrifter II, page 242:
        [jeg] tyggede hver dag paa den bitre moral for at styrke mit indre menneske mod anfægtelser
        [I] chewed every day on the bitter morality to strengthen my inner man against challenges
      • 1890, Henrik Ibsen, Hedda Gabler, page 57:
        han har gjort et slags virkeligt menneske ud af mig
        he has made a kind of real human being out of me
      • 1913, Knut Hamsun, Børn av Tiden, page 33:
        hun var for optat til at tænke videre paa sit ytre menneske nu
        she was too busy to think further about her outer human now
      • 1952, Jens Bjørneboe, Før hanen galer, page 145:
        hva er du egentlig for et menneske, Paul?
        what kind of human being are you really, Paul?
      • 1960, Gerd Nyquist, Avdøde ønsket ikke blomster, page 28:
        jeg kjente Sven, mennesket Sven bak all glansen av rik skipsreder
        I knew Sven, the human Sven behind all the splendor of a rich shipowner
      • 2012, Mette Anthun and Kari Birkeland, Emmas avec:
        en minister er bare et menneske, det forstår jeg jo flere saker jeg gjør på politikere
        a minister is just a human being, I understand that the more things I do to politicians
      bare et menneskeonly human; not perfect
    2. a particular or specific person (usually with a clear emotional emphasis, such as a condescending, compassionate or sympathetic intent)
      • 1890, Henrik Ibsen, Hedda Gabler, page 97:
        jeg [syntes] synd i det lærde menneske
        I [felt] sorry for the learned man
      • 1888, Henrik Ibsen, Fruen fra havet, page 60:
        stakkers menneske
        poor man
      • 1874, H. Meltzer, Politinotitser, page 54:
        har De hørt sligt menneske til at snakke?
        have you heard such a person speak?
      • 1874, Henrik Ibsen, De unges forbund, page 29:
        å nej, for en mund der sidder på det menneske
        oh no, what a mouth on that person
      • 1918, Gunnar Heiberg, Samlede dramatiske verker II, page 212:
        hvad sier mennesket? Er han gal?
        what does man say? Is he crazy?
      • 1879, Henrik Ibsen, Et dukkehjem, page 20:
        å, men jeg tankeløse menneske, som sidder her og snakker!
        oh, but I am a thoughtless man, sitting here talking!
      • 1874, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, En fallit, page 63:
        tal da ikke så højt, menneske!
        do not speak so loudly, man!
      • 1994, Knut Hamsun, Knut Hamsuns brev I, page 479:
        nu har han lagt paa sig adskillige pund menneske
        now he has put on several pounds of man
    3. a non-specific person
      • 1871, P.Chr. Asbjørnsen, Norske Folke-Eventyr, page 26:
        det kan være godt at have, naar der engang kommer et menneske
        it can be good to have, when a human once arrives
      • 1877, Arne Garborg, Den ny-norske Sprog- og Nationalitetsbevægelse, page 150:
        hvorledes kan noget levende menneske falde paa at indbilde sig, ja at drømme om, at alt dette nogensinde skulde kunne forandres?
        how can any living person imagine imagining, even dreaming, that all this could ever be changed?
      • 1965 February 13, VG, page 3:
        kan noe levende menneske i vårt fedreland egentlig gi oss en klar og utvetydig innføring i det fjerne obscur hvor vår tankeverden idag befinner seg[?]
        can any living human being in our fatherland really give us a clear and unambiguous introduction to the distant obscur where our world of thought is today[?]
      • 1995, Mari Osmundsen, Sju sannferdige fortellinger, page 108:
        alt det her kunne ikke noe levende menneske klare å holde rede på
        all this no living man could keep track of
      • 2005, Elisabeth Botterli et al., Madonna-gåten:
        han hadde ikke fått et levende menneske i tale der heller
        he had not got a living person to speak there either
      noe levende menneskesomeone, anyone

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /²mɛnːɛʃə/, /²mɛnːɛskə/ (example of pronunciation)

Noun[edit]

menneske n (definite singular mennesket, indefinite plural menneske, definite plural menneska)

  1. human, human being, man, Homo sapiens; (in plural form also) people

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]