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See also: shem and Shem



Tosk dialect, from Proto-Albanian *-(i)sama,[1] from Proto-Indo-European *somHós. Etymologically cognate with Old High German -sam (-some), Old Norse -samr (-some).



-shëm m (-shme f)

  1. Makes masculine adjectives from verbs and nouns. The most common meaning the suffix carries is comparable to -able in English.
    këndje (delight) — i këndshëm (pleasant, delightful)
    zellje (zeal) — i zellshëm (zealous)

Usage notes[edit]

While there are certain exceptions, there are some general rules for adding this suffix.

  • Verbs that end in -oj generally replace -oj with -ueshëm.
    adhuroj (I adore; I worship) + ‎-shëm → ‎adhurueshëm (absorbing, fascinating; adorable, charming, lovely)
    admiroj (I admire) + ‎-shëm → ‎admirueshëm (admirable; delightful, lovely)
  • Verbs ending in -ej will replace the -ej with -yeshëm.
    shkëlqej (I excel; I shine, glow) + ‎-shëm → ‎shkëlqyeshëm (excellent, brilliant; bright, brilliant)

Alternative forms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (2000) A Concise Historical Grammar of the Albanian Language, Leiden: Brill, page 164