Appendix:Glossary of dental terms

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Table of Contents: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A[edit]

alveolar bone 
A ridge on the surface of a teeth-bearing bone, such as maxilla and mandible in humans, that contains the tooth sockets.

B[edit]

bridge 
A prosthesis replacing one or several adjacent teeth.

C[edit]

canine 
In heterodont mammals, the pointy tooth between the incisors and the premolars; a cuspid.
caries 
The progressive destruction of bone or tooth by decay.
cavity 
A soft area in a decayed tooth.
cementum 
A bony substance that covers the root of a tooth; cement
crown 
A prosthetic covering for a tooth.

D[edit]

dentistry 
The study, diagnosis and treatment of diseases of teeth and surrounding tissues.
dry socket 
An inflammation, usually acutely painful, of the alveolar bone following extraction of a tooth.

E[edit]

enamel 
The hard covering on the exposed part of a tooth.
extraction 
A removal of a tooth from its socket.

F[edit]

filling 
A piece of amalgam used to fill a cavity in a tooth.

G[edit]

gingivitis 
Inflammation of the gums or gingivae.
gum 
The flesh round the teeth.

M[edit]

malocclusion 
A misalignment of the upper and lower sets of teeth.
mandible 
The lower jaw, especially the lower jawbone.
maxilla 
Either of the two bones that together form the upper jaw.
molar 
A back tooth having a broad surface used for grinding one's food.

I[edit]

incisor 
One of the front teeth of mammals, between the canines.

O[edit]

overbite 
A malocclusion, in which the upper teeth extend over the lower ones.
orthodontics 
A specialty of dentistry concerned with correcting misalignment of teeth.

P[edit]

periodontics 
The study of supporting structures of teeth—gums, alveolar bone, cementum, and the periodontal ligament—and diseases and conditions that affect them.
periodontitis 
Any of a number of inflammatory diseases affecting the periodontium—the tissues that surround and support the teeth.
periodontium 
The specialized tissues that both surround and support the teeth, maintaining them in the maxillary and mandibular bones; the tissues including alveolar bone, cementum, gums and periodontal ligament.
pulp 
The soft center of a tooth.
pulpotomy 
The surgical removal of part of the dental pulp.

R[edit]

root canal 
The hollow part of the root of a tooth containing the nerve and blood vessels.

T[edit]

tooth 
A hard, calcareous structure present in the mouth of many vertebrate animals, generally used for eating.
tooth socket 
A socket in the jaw in which the roots of teeth are held in the alveolar process of maxilla with the periodontal ligament.

U[edit]

underbite 
A malocclusion, in which the lower teeth extend past the upper ones.

W[edit]

wisdom tooth 
One of the four (one upper and one lower on each side) rearmost molars in humans, which typically develop between ages 18-24.