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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *h₂weg-, of which the zero grade *h₂ug- was reanalysed as having the ablaut vowel before the -w- rather than after it, creating a new variant form of the root. The original root remained in use, however.



  1. to increase, to enlarge


From *h₂ewg-os, *h₂ewg-es-:

  • Balto-Slavic:
  • Indo-Iranian: *auga(s)-, *auǰas-
    • Indo-Aryan:
      • Sanskrit: ओजस् (ójas, bodily strength, vigour, energy, ability, power)
    • Iranian: *auga(h)-, *auǰah- (strength, power)
      • Avestan: [script needed] (aogō-, might, power), [script needed] (aoǰah-, power)
      • Khotanese: [script needed] (oṇa-, powerful) (possibly)
      • Kurdish: hêz (power), hoz (tribe)
      • Middle Persian: ʾwc (ōz, strength, power)
      • Old Armenian: առ-ոյգ (aṙ-oyg), ոյժ (oyž), (possibly) աշխոյժ (ašxoyž)
      • Old Persian: *auja(h)-
  • Italic:


  • Vera Rastorgujeva, Džoj Edelʹman (2000–), Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Languages], Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, volume I, page 258
  • Manfred Mayrhofer (1986–2001) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen, in 3 vols, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, volume I, page 278