augsts

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Latvian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Derived from the verb augt (to grow, to increase) (q.v.). Cognates include Lithuanian aukštas, Old Prussian *aukt(a)s, Latin augustus (noble, high), auctus (increased).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Adjective[edit]

augsts (def. augstais, comp. augstāks, sup. visaugstākais; irreg. adv. augsti, augstu)

  1. high, tall (having a relatively large distance from top to bottom)
    augsts kalns, kokshigh mountain, tree
    augsts krastshigh coast
    augsta pierehigh forehead
    kurpes ar augstiem papēžiemshoes with high heels
  2. having a specified height
    tā ir trīsdesmit metrus augsta klintsthat is a 35-meter high cliff
  3. far above the horizon
    saule ceļas augstā, plašā lokāthe sun rises in a high, wide arc
  4. large, significant, above normal levels in quantity or quality
    augsta ražahigh yield, large harvest
    augsta cenahigh price
    piens ar augstu tauku procentumilk with high fat percentage
    augsts asins spiedienshigh blood pressure
    augsta temperatūrahigh temperature
    augsts spriegumshigh tension, voltage
  5. high quality, excellent
    augsts sasniegumshigh achievement
    augsta kultūrahigh culture
    augstas kvalitātes produkcija — high-quality production, output
  6. high (person with an important office, function, or position)
    augsts viesishigh (= important) guest
    augsts ierēdnishigh official, dignitary
    iecelt augstā amatāto appoint (someone) to high office
  7. very important, bringing honor, having great value or deep meaning
    augsts uzdevumsimportant task, high duty
    augsts godsgreat honor
    augsts mērķishigh goals
    augsta atzinībahigh praise
  8. solemn, elevated
    runāt augstā stilāto speak in high style
  9. (of voice) having high frequency
    augsta balsshigh voice
    augsts tenorshigh tenor
    augstos toņosin high tones

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “augsts”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7