Appendix:Proto-Indo-European/peḱ-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*peḱ-[1]

  1. ​to pluck (wool, hair)

Derived terms[edit]


  • *poḱ-s-om
  • *poḱ-s-mn̥
  • *peḱ-t- (perhaps by metathesis from *petḱ- ‎(comb), a dissimilation of reduplicated *pe-pḱ-)
  • Unsorted formations:
    • Balto-Slavic:
      • Lithuanian: pešù, pèšti ‎(to pluck, tear (of hair)), iterative pašýti ‎(to brawl)
    • Germanic: *fahaz ‎(sheep)
    • Germanic: *fahtiz ‎(fleece)
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: πέκος ‎(pékos), πόκος ‎(pókos, fleece)
      • Ancient Greek: πέκω ‎(pékō, to comb) (from *pkten)
      • Ancient Greek: κτείς ‎(kteís, comb)

Root[edit]

*peḱ-[2]

  1. livestock
  2. wealth

Derived terms[edit]


  • *peḱ-u-
  • *péḱ-os ~ *péḱ-es-
    • Hellenic:
      • Ancient Greek: πέκος ‎(pékos, fleece, wool)
    • Italic: *pekos
      • Latin: pecus ‎(cattle)

Root[edit]

*peḱ-[3]

  1. joyful
  2. pretty

Derived terms[edit]

Category Terms derived from the PIE root *peḱ- (joyful) not found


References[edit]

  1. ^ “pectō” in Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  2. ^ “pecū” in Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers
  3. ^ Guus Kroonen (2013), Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers