Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/ŋul ~ (d-)ŋur

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *dngjɨul (Coblin, 1986)
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *ŋul = *(d-)ŋur (Matisoff, STEDT); *ŋul (Chou, 1972); *d-ŋul (LaPolla, 1987)

Noun[edit]

*ŋul ~ (d-)ŋur

Silver.
  1. silver

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: /*ŋrən/ (B-S), /*ŋrɯn/ (ZS) ("silver; money")
    • Middle Chinese: /ŋɣiɪn/

         Japanese:   (ぎん, ​gin)
            Korean:   (, eun)
            Vietnamese:  ngân

         Thai:  เงิน (ngən, silver, money)
            Lao:  ເງິນ (ngœn, silver, money)

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (yín, /in³⁵/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /ŋɐn²¹/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: (ȵɪ̆ɲ²³)
    • Min
      • Min Nan
        • Taiwan: /ɡin²⁴/, /ɡun²⁴/
  • Kamarupan
    • Kuki-Chin: *ŋuun (VanBik, 2009)
      • Central Chin
        • Lushai [Mizo]: ngûn (name of a bracelet, tendril)
  • Himalayish
    • Tibeto-Kanauri
      • Bodic
        • Tibetan
          • Written Tibetan: དངུལ (dngul, silver; money), མངུལ (mngul, silver) (variant, western Tibetan dialects)
  • Tangut-Qiang
    • rGyalrongic
      • Japhug: rŋɯl (silver)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      • Burmish
        • Written Burmese: ငွေ (ngwe, silver; money)
      • Loloish: *C-ŋwe¹ (silver) (Bradley, 1979)

See also[edit]

  • *plu (white, silver, money)
  • *tsjak (red, blood, gold)
  • *grəj (copper)