Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/k-la

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Sino-Tibetan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: ?
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *k-la (Matisoff, STEDT)

Borrowing from Proto-Mon-Khmer *klaʔ (tiger), whence also Thai ขลา (khla, tiger).

Noun[edit]

Panthera tigris corbetti, the Indochinese tiger.

*k-la

  1. tiger

Descendants[edit]

  • Old Chinese: (*qʰˁraʔ (B-S, western dialect), qʰlaːʔ (ZS), tiger), 於菟, 烏䖘, (*qa-tʰaː < **ʔa-l̥aː < **ʔa- + **klaː (ancient Chu dialect), tiger), 於檡 (*qa-rlaːɡ < **ʔa-l̥aːg (variant), tiger)
    ( in the oracle bone script) 虎-oracle.svg
    • Middle Chinese: (huoX)

         Japanese:   (, ​ko)
            Korean:   (, ho)
            Vietnamese:  hổ

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (, /xu²¹⁴/)
      • Cantonese
        • Guangzhou: /fuː³⁵/
      • Wu
        • Shanghai: /hɯ³⁴/
    • Min
      • Min Nan
        • Taiwan: /hɔ⁵¹/
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      /*(k-)la/ (Benedict, 1972)
      • Burmish
        • Burmese: ကျား (kya:, tiger) (< kla (Inscriptional Burmese)) /tɕá/
      • Loloish
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (lat, tiger)
        • Central Loloish
          • Lisu (Southern): ꓡꓽ (, tiger)