Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/p(r)an/t ~ b(r)an/t

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: ?
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *p(r)an/t ~ b(r)an/t (Matisoff, STEDT); *b(l)at/n (LaPolla, 1987)

Related to *bjar ~ pjar (to braid, to plait).


*p(r)an/t ~ b(r)an/t

  1. to plait, to braid, to interweave


  • Old Chinese: (*pen, *pˁen, (*pˁenʔ) (B-S, one unlisted), *pen, *peːn, *peːnʔ, to plait, to weave)
    (→ exopassive) (*bˁenʔ (B-S, unlisted), *beːnʔ, a braid of hair, pigtail)
    • Middle Chinese: (piᴇn, pen, penX), (benX)

         Japanese:   (へん, ​hen)
            Korean:   (, pyeon)
            Vietnamese:  biên

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (biān, /pi̯ɛn⁵⁵/), (biàn, /pi̯ɛn⁵¹/)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      *pan¹/² ⪤ *CⓋ-pat (Matisoff, 1985)
      • Burmish
        • Lhao Vo: [script needed] (tshɛ̃³¹ pəŋ³⁵, braid, plait)
        • Burmese: ဆံပင် (hcampang, hair (of head)) (?)
        • Atsi [Zaiwa]: /tsham⁵¹ pan²¹/ ("braid (hair)")
      • Loloish: *phrjaʔᴸ (Lama, 2012)
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): (jyt, to braid, to plait)
        • Central Loloish
          • Lisu (Southern): ꓒꓬꓱꓽ (pʰjø̀, to plait, to braid (hair))