Reconstruction:Proto-Sino-Tibetan/p(r)an/t ~ b(r)an/t

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This Proto-Sino-Tibetan entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



  • Proto-Sino-Tibetan: ?
    • Proto-Tibeto-Burman: *p(r)an/t ~ b(r)an/t (Matisoff, STEDT); *b(l)at/n (LaPolla, 1987)

Related to *bjar ~ pjar ‎(to braid, to plait).


  1. to plait, to braid, to interweave


  • Old Chinese: /*pen, *pˁen, (*pˁenʔ)/ (B-S, one unlisted), /*pen, *peːn, *peːnʔ/ ("to plait, to weave")
    (→ exopassive) /*bˁenʔ/ (B-S, unlisted), /*beːnʔ/ ("a braid of hair, pigtail")
    • Middle Chinese: /piᴇn, pen, penX/, /benX/

         Japanese:   (へん, hen)
            Korean:   ‎(pyeon) (, pyeon)
            Vietnamese:  biên

      • Modern Mandarin
        • Beijing: (biān, /pi̯ɛn⁵⁵/), (biàn, /pi̯ɛn⁵¹/)
  • Lolo-Burmese-Naxi
    • Lolo-Burmese
      /*pan¹/² ⪤ *CⓋ-pat/ (Matisoff, 1985)
      • Burmish
        • Maru [Langsu]: /tshɛ̃³¹ pəŋ³⁵/ ("braid, plait")
        • Written Burmese:
          ဆံပင် ‎(hcampang, hair (of head)) (?)
        • Atsi [Zaiwa]: /tsham⁵¹ pan²¹/ ("braid (hair)")
      • Loloish
        /*phrjaʔᴸ/ (Lama, 2012)
        • Northern Loloish
          • Yi (Liangshan): ‎(jyt, to braid, to plait)
        • Central Loloish
          • Lisu (Southern): ꓒꓬꓱꓽ ‎(pʰjø̀, to plait, to braid (hair))