Borrowed from Italian leonardeschi, the masculine plural form of leonardesco (“of or pertaining to Leonardo da Vinci”), from the name of Italian Renaissance polymath Leonardo da Vinci (1452–1519) (Leonardo is derived from Old French Leonard, from Old High German leo (“lion”) + hart (“hard”)) + Italian -esco (“suffix forming an adjective or noun indicating relationship, membership or quality”) (from Late Latin and Vulgar Latin -iscum, the accusative singular of -iscus, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *-iskos (“suffix meaning ‘characteristic of, typical of, pertaining to’”)).
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˌlɪ.ə.nɑːˈdɛ.ʃɪ/
- (General American) IPA(key): /ˌliɹ.nɑɹˈdɛ.ʃi/, /ˌlə.nɑɹˈdɛ.ʃi/
- Hyphenation: Le‧o‧nard‧es‧chi
Leonardeschi pl (plural only)
- A group of artists who worked in the studio of, or under the influence of, Leonardo da Vinci.
1969, Gert von der Osten; Horst Vey; Mary Hottinger, transl., Painting and Sculpture in Germany and the Netherlands 1500–1600 (The Pelican History of Art; Z31), Harmondsworth, Middlesex: Penguin Books, OCLC 462295212:
- In this connexion we may think of the importance of the Lombards, the Leonardeschi, and the Venetians for contemporary northern painting.
2003, Caravaggio & His World: Darkness & Light, Sydney, N.S.W.: Art Gallery of New South Wales; Melbourne, Vic.: National Gallery of Victoria, →ISBN, page 82:
- There are good reasons to think that Caravaggio admired the renaissance art of the Leonardeschi. For this Boy peeling fruit, he may have been thinking specifically of the famous Flora that was painted around 1510 by Francesco Melzi, one of Leonardo's most faithful Milanese students and indeed his legal heir.
2007, Carlo Pedretti and Margherita Melani, editors, Leonardo Da Vinci: The European Genius: Paintings and Drawings: Exhibition in the Basilica of Koekelberg, Brussels, in Celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the Treaty of Rome for the Constitution of the European Community (1957–2007), Foligno, Perugia, Italy: Cartei & Bianchi, →ISBN, page 170, column 1:
- In the first half of the sixteenth century, only the leonardeschi — those painters who undergo the influence of Leonardo and his works — correspond to such needs.