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Ultimately from the same source as Oscan 𐌌𐌀𐌌𐌄𐌓𐌕- (mamert-), Latin Mārs and Mārcus. Perhaps as a less Latinized form of Māmur(r)ius, a Latinization (via suffix replacement) of Etruscan 𐌌𐌀𐌌𐌖𐌓k𐌄𐌔 (mamurkes), an alternative form of 𐌌𐌀𐌌𐌀𐌓𐌂𐌄𐌔, 𐌌𐌀𐌌𐌄𐌓𐌂𐌄𐌔 (mamarces, mamerces); the latter borrowed unadapted as Māmercus. The /rj > rr/ is characteristic of Oscan; the varying treatment of /ar/ rather of Etruscan. The Etruscan name itself was a borrowing (likely from Oscan[1][2]), possibly formed as *Māmart-ikos. For the suffix interchange, compare spurcus and spurius, also potential borrowings from Etruscan.


(Classical) IPA(key): /maːˈmur.ra/, [mäːˈmʊrːä]

Proper noun[edit]

Māmurra m sg (genitive Māmurrae); first declension

  1. A Roman cognomen — famously held by:
    1. Mamurra, a Roman commander born in Formiae


First-declension noun, singular only.

Case Singular
Nominative Māmurra
Genitive Māmurrae
Dative Māmurrae
Accusative Māmurram
Ablative Māmurrā
Vocative Māmurra

Derived terms[edit]


  1. ^ Durante, M. (1958): Prosa ritmica, alliterazione e accento nelle lingue dell'Italia antica. Ricerche Linguistiche 4: pages 84-85
  2. ^ Simone, C. de (1970): Die griechischen Entlehnungen im Etruskischen. Vol. 2. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz: pages 85-86

Further reading[edit]

  • Mamurra in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Mamurra”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray