Nineveh

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Old English Niniue under influence from Hebrew נִינְוֶה(Nīnewēh), from Latin Nīnevē, from Ancient Greek Νινευή(Nineuḗ), ultimately from Akkadian 𒀏(Ninua) or Old Babylonian [script needed](Ninuwā) of uncertain origin.[1] The cuneiform seems to denote "House of Fish", although whether this referred to literal fish, an aspect of Ishtar, a separate Hurrian goddess, or something else entirely is unclear.[2]

The traditional folk etymology in classical antiquity derived it from an eponymous founder Ninus (Greek: Νίνος(Nínos)).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈnɪnɪvə/, /ˈnɪnəvə/

Proper noun[edit]

Nineveh

  1. The ancient capital of Assyria.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Oxford English Dictionary, 3rd ed. "Ninevite, n. and adj." Oxford University Press (Oxford), 2013.
  2. ^ "Nineveh" in the Encyclopaedia Judaica.