Prussia

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See also: Prússia

English[edit]

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The flag of Prussia from 1892 to 1918.

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin Prūssia, a Latinization used by Peter of Dusburg of a Baltic (Old Prussian, or perhaps Lithuanian or Latvian) autonym. The Proto-Indo-European source of the name is unclear; more at Prussia.

The Middle English designation for the region, Pruce, derives from the same Latinization and is the source of the terms pruce and spruce.

Pronunciation[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Prussia

  1. (chiefly historical) A geographical area on the Baltic coast of northeastern Europe.
  2. (historical) A Baltic country located in this area, conquered by the Teutonic Order and ultimately absorbed into Germany.
  3. (historical) A German province which was originally located in this area but later greatly expanded, and which was the predecessor to and a member of the German Empire; abolished as an administrative unit at the end of the Second World War.

Usage notes[edit]

In the Baltic languages the 'u' is long; it was also long in Middle English, but it has become short in modern English.

Related terms[edit]

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