Reconstruction:Proto-Celtic/ɸitu

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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Celtic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *péy-tu-s ~ *pit-éws (whence Sanskrit पितु (pitú, nutrition), Avestan 𐬞𐬌𐬙𐬎(pitu, food)), from *pey- (food, nutrition) +‎ *-tus. Cognate Proto-Slavic *piťa, Lithuanian piẽtūs (dinner, pl.), Boeotian Greek πιτεύω (piteúō, to irrigate, to water (cattle)).

Noun[edit]

*ɸitu n[1]

  1. corn, grain

Declension[edit]

Neuter u-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *ɸitu *ɸitū *ɸitwā
vocative *ɸitu *ɸitū *ɸitwā
accusative *ɸitu *ɸitū *ɸitwā
genitive *ɸitous *ɸitous *ɸitowom
dative *ɸitou *ɸitubom *ɸitubos
instrumental *ɸitū *ɸitubim *ɸitubis

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Brythonic: *ɨd (corn, grain)
  • Old Irish: ith n (corn, grain)
  • Gaulish: *itu[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ranko Matasović (2009), “*fitu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic[1] (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 131
  2. ^ Delamarre, Xavier (2003), “iutta”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 3rd edition, Éditions Errance, →ISBN, page 435