Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/kinþiz

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ǵénh₁tis, oblique *ǵn̥h₁tí-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*kinþiz f

  1. kind, race

Inflection[edit]

The original stem ablaut was preserved.

i-stemDeclension of *kinþiz (i-stem)
singular plural
nominative *kinþiz *kinþīz
vocative *kinþi *kinþīz
accusative *kinþį *kinþīnz
genitive *kundīz *kundijǫ̂
dative *kundī *kundimaz
instrumental *kundī *kundimiz

Descendants[edit]

Old English shows levelling of the oblique stem with Verner alternation, while Old Norse shows the strong stem with levelled Verner alternation.

  • Old English: cynd
  • Old Norse: kind

References[edit]

  • Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN