Reconstruction:Proto-Balto-Slavic/lā́ˀwāˀ

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This Proto-Balto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Balto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *leh₂wéh₂ (compare Proto-Germanic *lawwō), with accent retraction due to Hirt's law. Hirt's law was undone in the Latvian and West Slavic dialects. In Lithuanian dialects, the tendency to generalize the root accent prevailed. (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Noun[edit]

*lā́ˀwāˀ f

  1. place to sleep
  2. bench, bed

Inflection[edit]

Declension of *lā́ˀwāˀ (ā-stem, fixed accent)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative *lā́ˀwāˀ *lā́ˀwāiˀ *lā́ˀwās
Accusative *lā́ˀwā(ˀ)n *lā́ˀwāiˀ *lā́ˀwā(ˀ)ns
Genitive *lā́ˀwā(ˀ)s *lā́ˀwāu(ˀ) *lā́ˀwōn
Locative *lā́ˀwāiˀ *lā́ˀwāu(ˀ) *lā́ˀwā(ˀ)su
Dative *lā́ˀwāi *lā́ˀwā(ˀ)(ˀ) *lā́ˀwā(ˀ)mas
Instrumental *lā́ˀwāˀn *lā́ˀwā(ˀ)māˀ *lā́ˀwā(ˀ)mīˀs
Vocative *lā́ˀwa *lā́ˀwāiˀ *lā́ˀwās

Descendants[edit]

  • East Baltic:
    • Latvian: lâva
    • Lithuanian: lóva
  • Proto-Slavic: *lavà (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Finnic: *lava