λύω

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *lewh₃- (to cut off, separate, free). Cognates include Latin luō (expiate, pay), Sanskrit लून (lūna), English loose and possibly Old Armenian լուծանեմ (lucanem) and Albanian lirë.

  • Stem λῠ-, and later Attic: λῡ-. The upsilon becomes short () before temporal endings beginning with <κ, θ, μ> and at all paragoga (derivatives). But compounds' prosody, as for λῡ́ω.
  • Derivatives, from stems λῠσ-, λῠσῐ- (compounds with λῡσῐ-), λῠτ-.
  • Unrelated to κωλῡ́ω (kōlū́ō, prevent), ὄλλῡμῐ (óllūmi, destroy, lose) or λύσσᾰ (lússa, rage).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

λῡ́ω (lū́ō)

  1. I loose, loosen, untie
  2. slacken
  3. unbend
  4. set free, release
  5. redeem
  6. dissolve, sever
  7. break (up), destroy
  8. abrogate, annul
  9. atone, amend
  10. profit, I am useful

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Derivatives from λῡ́ω (and see their compounds):

Compounds with λῡ́ω (and see their Derived terms):

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inflectional form of λῠάω (luáō, revolt).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Mark the vowel length of the ambiguous vowel ύ by adding a macron after it if it is long, or a breve if it is short. By default, Module:grc-pronunciation assumes it is short if unmarked.
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Verb[edit]

λύω (lúō)

  1. inflection of λῠάω (luáō):
    1. first-person singular indicative and subjunctive present active contracted
    2. second-person singular imperative present mediopassive contracted
    3. second-person singular indicative imperfect mediopassive contracted unaugmented Homeric, Ionic

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek λῡ́ω (lū́ō).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈli.o/
  • Hyphenation: λύ‧ω

Verb[edit]

λύω (lýo) (simple past έλυσα, passive λύομαι) (formal)

  1. terminate, adjourn, end (especially in passive form)
    λύεται η συνεδρίασηlýetai i synedríasi(especially of court) the session is adjourned
    λύεται η σύμβασηlýetai i sýmvasithe contract is terminated
  2. dismantled, disassemblesee participle λυόμενος
  3. see imperative λύσατε

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Compounds of the ancient λύω (and see their Derivatives):