λύω

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See also: λυῶ

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *lewh₁- (to cut off, separate, free), but *lh₁u- after Beekes. Cognates include Latin luō (expiate, pay), Sanskrit लून (lunā́ti, sever, cut forth, destroy, annihilate), English loose and possibly Old Armenian լուծանեմ (lucanem) and Albanian lirë.

According to Beekes the stem vowel was originally short (λῠ-), to be lengthened only later in Attic (and sometimes in Homer; λῡ-) due to the influence of a laryngeal. The upsilon remains short () before temporal endings beginning with <κ, θ, μ> and at all paragoga (derivatives). But compounds' prosody, as for λῡ́ω.

Derivatives, from stems λῠσ-, λῠσῐ- (compounds with λῡσῐ-), λῠτ-.

Unrelated to κωλῡ́ω (kōlū́ō, prevent), ὄλλῡμῐ (óllūmi, destroy, lose) or λύσσᾰ (lússa, rage).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

λῡ́ω (lū́ō)

  1. I loose, loosen, untie
  2. slacken
  3. unbend
  4. set free, release
  5. redeem
  6. dissolve, sever
  7. break (up), destroy
  8. abrogate, annul
  9. atone, amend
  10. profit, I am useful
  11. first-person singular present active indicative/subjunctive of λῡ́ω (lū́ō)

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Derivatives from λῡ́ω (and see their compounds):

Compounds with λῡ́ω (and see their Derived terms):

Descendants[edit]

  • English: lyo-, ly-
  • Greek: λύνω (lýno), λύω

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned, from Ancient Greek λῡ́ω (lū́ō). Also see λύνω (lýno).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈli.o/
  • Hyphenation: λύ‧ω

Verb[edit]

λύω (lýo) (past έλυσα, passive λύομαι) (formal)

  1. terminate, adjourn, end (especially in passive form)
    λύεται η συνεδρίασηlýetai i synedríasi(especially of court) the session is adjourned
    λύεται η σύμβασηlýetai i sýmvasithe contract is terminated
  2. dismantled, disassemblesee participle λυόμενος
  3. see imperative λύσατε

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Compounds of the ancient λύω (and see their Derivatives):