լուծանեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The root is լոյծ- (loyc-), from Proto-Indo-European *lewǵ- (to break), +‎ -ան- (-an-); cognate with Sanskrit रुजति (rujáti, to break open), Lithuanian láužti (to break).

Alternatively, from the Proto-Indo-European source of Ancient Greek λύω (lúō) and Latin luō (expiate, pay).

A contamination of both is possible.

Verb[edit]

լուծանեմ (lucanem)  (aorist indicative լուծի)

  1. (transitive) to loose, to untie, to unyoke, to unchain, to unbind, to undo; to dissolve, to decompose, to break; to dilute, to soften; to melt, to dissolve (something frozen); to solve (a riddle, a problem)
    լուծանել զերկունսlucanel zerkunsto free from the pains of labour, to cause to bring forth
    լուծանել զերկունս նորաlucanel zerkuns norato be born of her
    լուծանել զքաղց, զքերանlucanel zkʿałcʿ, zkʿeranto breakfast, to take refreshment
    լուծանել զպահսlucanel zpahsto break one's fast
    լուծանել զոք ի կենցաղոյսlucanel zokʿ i kencʿałoysto take away a person's life, to kill, to slay, to murder
    լուծանել զկեանս աշխարհիս, զկեանս իւր, զկենցաղ մարդկանlucanel zkeans ašxarhis, zkeans iwr, zkencʿał mardkanto end one's days, to depart this life, to cease to live, to die
    լուծանել զմեղսlucanel zmełsto absolve, or remit sin
    լուծանել զդատակնիքlucanel zdataknikʿto annul a sentence
    լուծանել զօրէնսlucanel zōrēnsto violate the laws, to transgress
    լուծանել զշաբաթսlucanel zšabatʿsto break the Sabbath
    լուծանել զխաւարlucanel zxawarto shed a light in the darkness, to make darkness light
    վրէժս լուծանելvrēžs lucanelto be punished
    լուծանել զլեզուlucanel zlezuto untie the tongue, to cause to speak
    լուծանել զամուսնութիւնlucanel zamusnutʿiwnto dissolve a marriage
    լուծանել զարգանդ կուսին ի պղծութիւնlucanel zargand kusin i płcutʿiwnto deflower, to violate
    լուծանել զսէրն հայրենիlucanel zsērn hayrenito act in disregard of paternal love
    լուծանել զքուրձlucanel zkʿurjto open a sack
    լուծանել զորովայնlucanel zorovaynto loosen, or move the bowels; to purge
    զարժանին պատուհաս ելոյծ զյանցանացնzaržanin patuhas eloyc zyancʿanacʿnhe met with the punishment his crimes deserved
  2. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to get loose, to become untied, to be dissolved, decomposed
    լուծանել ի վաւաշ ցանկութիւնսlucanel i vawaš cʿankutʿiwnsto give up oneself entirely to luxury
    յարտասուս լուծանելyartasus lucanelto melt into tears
    լուծանել ի ծաղուէlucanel i całuēto laugh heartily
    լուծան պէտք նոցաlucan pētkʿ nocʿatheir wants were provided for
  3. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to languish, to fall off, to flag; to grow soft or slack
  4. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to be consumed, to waste away; to die
    լուծանել ի կենաց, յաշխարհէlucanel i kenacʿ, yašxarhēto cease to live, to die
    լուծանել ի շոգիlucanel i šogito evaporate
  5. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to lodge with, to stop, to stay, to pass the night
  6. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to be dismissed, deposed (from an office)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “լուծանեմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “լուծանեմ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “լոյծ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 311