լուծանեմ

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Old Armenian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The root is լոյծ- ‎(loyc-), from Proto-Indo-European *lewǵ- ‎(to break), +‎ -ան- ‎(-an-); cognate with Sanskrit रुजति ‎(rujáti, to break open), Lithuanian láužti ‎(to break).

Alternatively, from the Proto-Indo-European source of Ancient Greek λύω ‎(lúō) and Latin luō ‎(expiate, pay).

A contamination of both is possible.

Verb[edit]

լուծանեմ ‎(lucanem)  (aorist indicative լուծի)

  1. (transitive) to loose, to untie, to unyoke, to unchain, to unbind, to undo; to dissolve, to decompose, to break; to dilute, to soften; to melt, to dissolve (something frozen); to solve (a riddle, a problem)
    լուծանել զերկունս‎ ― lucanel zerkuns ― to free from the pains of labour, to cause to bring forth
    լուծանել զերկունս նորա‎ ― lucanel zerkuns nora ― to be born of her
    լուծանել զքաղց, զքերան‎ ― lucanel zkʿałcʿ, zkʿeran ― to breakfast, to take refreshment
    լուծանել զպահս‎ ― lucanel zpahs ― to break one's fast
    լուծանել զոք ի կենցաղոյս‎ ― lucanel zokʿ i kencʿałoys ― to take away a person's life, to kill, to slay, to murder
    լուծանել զկեանս աշխարհիս, զկեանս իւր, զկենցաղ մարդկան‎ ― lucanel zkeans ašxarhis, zkeans iwr, zkencʿał mardkan ― to end one's days, to depart this life, to cease to live, to die
    լուծանել զմեղս‎ ― lucanel zmełs ― to absolve, or remit sin
    լուծանել զդատակնիք‎ ― lucanel zdataknikʿ ― to annul a sentence
    լուծանել զօրէնս‎ ― lucanel zōrēns ― to violate the laws, to transgress
    լուծանել զշաբաթս‎ ― lucanel zšabatʿs ― to break the Sabbath
    լուծանել զխաւար‎ ― lucanel zxawar ― to shed a light in the darkness, to make darkness light
    վրէժս լուծանել‎ ― vrēžs lucanel ― to be punished
    լուծանել զլեզու‎ ― lucanel zlezu ― to untie the tongue, to cause to speak
    լուծանել զամուսնութիւն‎ ― lucanel zamusnutʿiwn ― to dissolve a marriage
    լուծանել զարգանդ կուսին ի պղծութիւն‎ ― lucanel zargand kusin i płcutʿiwn ― to deflower, to violate
    լուծանել զսէրն հայրենի‎ ― lucanel zsērn hayreni ― to act in disregard of paternal love
    լուծանել զքուրձ‎ ― lucanel zkʿurj ― to open a sack
    լուծանել զորովայն‎ ― lucanel zorovayn ― to loosen, or move the bowels; to purge
    զարժանին պատուհաս ելոյծ զյանցանացն‎ ― zaržanin patuhas eloyc zyancʿanacʿn ― he met with the punishment his crimes deserved
  2. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to get loose, to become untied, to be dissolved, decomposed
    լուծանել ի վաւաշ ցանկութիւնս‎ ― lucanel i vawaš cʿankutʿiwns ― to give up oneself entirely to luxury
    յարտասուս լուծանել‎ ― yartasus lucanel ― to melt into tears
    լուծանել ի ծաղուէ‎ ― lucanel i całuē ― to laugh heartily
    լուծան պէտք նոցա‎ ― lucan pētkʿ nocʿa ― their wants were provided for
  3. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to languish, to fall off, to flag; to grow soft or slack
  4. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to be consumed, to waste away; to die
    լուծանել ի կենաց, յաշխարհէ‎ ― lucanel i kenacʿ, yašxarhē ― to cease to live, to die
    լուծանել ի շոգի‎ ― lucanel i šogi ― to evaporate
  5. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to lodge with, to stop, to stay, to pass the night
  6. (in the mediopassive, intransitive) to be dismissed, deposed (from an office)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “լուծանեմ”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “լուծանեմ”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “լոյծ”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Martirosyan, Hrach (2010) Etymological Dictionary of the Armenian Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 8), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 311