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This Proto-Celtic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Uncertain; possibly cognate with Latin cremor (thick juice made by boiling grain), Sanskrit करम्भ (karambha, barley porridge, soup, mixture), Russian корм (korm, food),[1] perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *kremH- (to burn).[2][3]


*kurmi n[4]

  1. beer


Neuter i-stem
singular dual plural
nominative *kormi *kormī *kormyā
vocative *kormi *kormī *kormyā
accusative *kormi *kormī *kormyā
genitive *kormois *kormois *kormyom
dative *kormei *kormibom *kormibos
locative *kormei *? *?
instrumental *kormī *kormibim *kormibis

Alternative reconstructions[edit]



  1. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q. (2006) The Oxford introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European world, Oxford University Press, page 263
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959), “3. ker(ə)-”, in Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 2, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, pages 571-572
  3. 3.0 3.1 Matasović, Ranko (2009), “*kormi”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 217
  4. ^ Delamarre, Xavier (2003), “curmi”, in Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise: une approche linguistique du vieux-celtique continental [Dictionary of the Gaulish language: A linguistic approach to Old Continental Celtic] (Collection des Hespérides; 9), 2nd edition, Éditions Errance, →ISBN, page 133: “*curmi”
  5. ^ Koch, John (2004), “*kurmen-”, in English–Proto-Celtic Word-list with attested comparanda, University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies