Reconstruction:Proto-Finnic/hurma

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This Proto-Finnic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Finnic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unknown origin. The Estonian reflex been compared with words in Samic and Mordvinic (e.g. Erzya орма (orma, disease)) that would, however, require h- as attested in Northern Finnic to be secondary. Contamination from Finnish huuma may be possible.

Reconstruction[edit]

A number of direct descendants and derivatives show a meaning 'blood' or 'wound', usually used in poetic or mythical contexts (the semantically neutral term for 'blood' remains *veri in all Finnic languages), explained as being through the mythical belief in blood carrying a person's mental and spiritual power. Toivonen (1944) suggests this as the primary original meaning.

Noun[edit]

*hurma

  1.  ? excitement, ecstacy, charm

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Estonian: urm (blood, wound)
  • Finnish: hurma, hurme (blood)
  • Ingrian: hurmahenki
  • Karelian: (Northern, poetic) hurmeh (blood)
  • Livonian: ūrma (stream, flow) (< 'flowing blood')

References[edit]

  • urm in Metsmägi, Iris; Sedrik, Meeli; Soosaar, Sven-Erik (2012), Eesti etümoloogiasõnaraamat, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Instituut, →ISBN
  • Itkonen, Erkki; Kulonen, Ulla-Maija, editors (1992–2000) Suomen sanojen alkuperä [The origin of Finnish words] (in Finnish), Helsinki: Institute for the Languages of Finland/Finnish Literature Society, →ISBN
  • Toivonen, Y. H. 1944. Sanat puhuvat. WSOY.