From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This Proto-Finnic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.





From earlier *käwe-, borrowed from Proto-Germanic *skēwijaną (to go, walk).[1][2]

The alternative theory that the word is cognate with Eastern Mari [script needed] (kaje-), [script needed] (keje-, to go (away)), from Proto-Uralic *käwe-,,[3] and more distantly with Proto-Yukaghir *kewe (to go)[4] has to be rejected: the vowel correspondences are irregular,[5] and the Mari word is likely rather a Turkic borrowing (from Chuvash кай (kaj), from Proto-Turkic *kē(y)t-).



*käüdäk (stem *käü-)[6]

  1. to walk, to go



Derived terms





  1. ^ Sammallahti, Pekka (1998) The Saami Languages: An Introduction, Karasjok: Davvi Girji, →ISBN, page 244
  2. ^ Kylstra, A.D.; Hahmo, Sirkka-Liisa; Hofstra, Tette; Nikkilä, Otto. 1991–2012. Lexikon der älteren germanischen Lehnwörter in den ostseefinnischen Sprachen. Amsterdam: Rodopi.
  3. ^ Rédei, Károly (1986–88) “käwe-”, in Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume 1, Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, page 654
  4. ^ Hyllested, Adam (2008) “Internal Reconstruction vs. External Comparison: The Case of the Indo-Uralic Laryngeals”, in Jens Elmegård Rasmussen & Thomas Olander, editors, Internal Reconstruction in Indo-European: Methods, Results, and Problems : Section Papers from the XVI International Conference on Historical Linguistics, University of Copenhagen, 11th–15th August, 2003[1], Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press, →ISBN, →OCLC, page 131 of 111–136:Fenno-Volgaic *käwe ‘go’
  5. ^ Aikio, Ante. The Uralic-Yukaghir lexical correspondences: genetic inheritance, language contact or chance resemblance? (2014). Finnisch-Ugrische Forschungen, volume 14.
  6. ^ Kallio, Petri (2020–) “*käü-”, in Yhteissuomalainen sanasto[2] (in Finnish)