Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/beuzą

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain. Perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *bʰews- (dross, sediment; brewer's yeast). If so, cognate with Swedish buska (freshly brewed beer, new beer), Middle Dutch and Middle Low German būsen (to feast, booze, drink heavily), Middle High German būs (a swelling), and indirectly (via bowse, ultimately from Middle Dutch) booze. Non-Germanic cognates may include Albanian mbush (to fill, stuff).

Alternatively reconstructed by Kroonen as *beurą, a dissimilation of earlier *breurą, derived from *brewwaną (to brew).[1] In a parenthetical side remark, Hyllested speculatively suggests an origin in Oghur *pora (a grey kvas-like drink).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

*beuzą n

  1. beer
    Synonym: *alu

Inflection[edit]

neuter a-stemDeclension of *beuzą (neuter a-stem)
singular plural
nominative *beuzą *beuzō
vocative *beuzą *beuzō
accusative *beuzą *beuzō
genitive *beuzas, *biuzis *beuzǫ̂
dative *biuzai *beuzamaz
instrumental *beuzō *beuzamiz

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

  • *beurą

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-West Germanic: *beuʀ
    • Old English: bēor
      • Middle English: bere, beere
    • Old Frisian: biār
    • Old Saxon: bior
      • Middle Low German: bêr
        • German Low German: Beer
          Mecklenburgisch: Bier
        • Plautdietsch: Bea
    • Old Dutch: *bier
      • Middle Dutch: bier
        • Dutch: bier (see there for further descendants)
        • Limburgish: beer
        • Old French: biere (see there for further descendants)
    • Old High German: bior
  • Old Norse: bjórr

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 62
  2. ^ Hyllested, Adam. 2014.