Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₁wérus

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *h₁wer- +‎ *-us.

Adjective[edit]

*h₁wérus[1]

  1. broad

Inflection[edit]

Older proterokinetic pattern:

Athematic, proterokinetic
masculine feminine
nominative *h₁wérus *h₁uréwih₂
genitive *h₁uréws *h₁uruyéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *h₁wérus *h₁wéruh₁(e) *h₁wérewes
vocative *h₁wéru *h₁wéruh₁(e) *h₁wérewes
accusative *h₁wérum *h₁wéruh₁(e) *h₁wérums
genitive *h₁uréws *? *h₁uréwoHom
ablative *h₁uréws *? *h₁urúmos
dative *h₁uréwey *? *h₁urúmos
locative *h₁uréw, *h₁uréwi *? *h₁urúsu
instrumental *h₁urúh₁ *? *h₁urúbʰi
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *h₁uréwih₂ *h₁uréwih₂h₁(e) *h₁uréwih₂es
vocative *h₁uréwih₂ *h₁uréwih₂h₁(e) *h₁uréwih₂es
accusative *h₁uréwih₂m̥ *h₁uréwih₂h₁(e) *h₁uréwih₂m̥s
genitive *h₁uruyéh₂s *? *h₁uruyéh₂oHom
ablative *h₁uruyéh₂s *? *h₁uruyéh₂mos
dative *h₁uruyéh₂ey *? *h₁uruyéh₂mos
locative *h₁uruyéh₂, *h₁uruyéh₂i *? *h₁uruyéh₂su
instrumental *h₁uruyéh₂h₁ *? *h₁uruyéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *h₁wéru *h₁wérwih₁ *h₁wéruh₂
vocative *h₁wéru *h₁wérwih₁ *h₁wéruh₂
accusative *h₁wéru *h₁wérwih₁ *h₁wéruh₂
genitive *h₁uréws *? *h₁uréwoHom
ablative *h₁uréws *? *h₁urúmos
dative *h₁uréwey *? *h₁urúmos
locative *h₁uréw, *h₁uréwi *? *h₁urúsu
instrumental *h₁urúh₁ *? *h₁urúbʰi

Later hysterokinetic pattern:

Athematic, hysterokinetic
masculine feminine
nominative *h₁urús *h₁uréwih₂
genitive *h₁uréws *h₁uruyéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *h₁urús *h₁urúh₁(e) *h₁urúes
vocative *h₁urú *h₁urúh₁(e) *h₁urúes
accusative *h₁urúm *h₁urúh₁(e) *h₁urúms
genitive *h₁uréws *? *h₁uréwoHom
ablative *h₁uréws *? *h₁uréwmos
dative *h₁uréwey *? *h₁uréwmos
locative *h₁uréw, *h₁uréwi *? *h₁uréwsu
instrumental *h₁uréwh₁ *? *h₁uréwbʰi
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *h₁uréwih₂ *h₁uréwih₂h₁(e) *h₁uréwih₂es
vocative *h₁uréwih₂ *h₁uréwih₂h₁(e) *h₁uréwih₂es
accusative *h₁uréwih₂m̥ *h₁uréwih₂h₁(e) *h₁uréwih₂m̥s
genitive *h₁uruyéh₂s *? *h₁uruyéh₂oHom
ablative *h₁uruyéh₂s *? *h₁uruyéh₂mos
dative *h₁uruyéh₂ey *? *h₁uruyéh₂mos
locative *h₁uruyéh₂, *h₁uruyéh₂i *? *h₁uruyéh₂su
instrumental *h₁uruyéh₂h₁ *? *h₁uruyéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *h₁urú *h₁urúyh₁ *h₁urúh₂
vocative *h₁urú *h₁urúyh₁ *h₁urúh₂
accusative *h₁urú *h₁urúyh₁ *h₁urúh₂
genitive *h₁uréws *? *h₁uréwoHom
ablative *h₁uréws *? *h₁uréwmos
dative *h₁uréwey *? *h₁uréwmos
locative *h₁uréw, *h₁uréwi *? *h₁uréwsu
instrumental *h₁uréwh₁ *? *h₁uréwbʰi

Descendants[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₁weru-wokʷ-, *h₁uru-wkʷ- (far-sounding)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press