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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.




  1. to enter into, penetrate
  2. to copulate

Alternative reconstructions[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Kümmel, M. J. (2011-2015), “39”, in Addenda und Corrigenda zu LIV²: “*i̯ebʰ- → *h₃i̯ebʰ-⁰”
  2. ^ Kölligan, Daniel (2017–2018), “Chapter XX: Proto-Indo-European”, in Klein, Jared S.; Joseph, Brian D.; Fritz, Matthias, editor, Handbook of Comparative and Historical Indo-European Linguistics: An International Handbook (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft [Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science]; 41.2), Berlin; Boston: De Gruyter Mouton, →ISBN, § The lexicon of Proto-Indo-European, page 2264: “*(h₃)i̯ebʰ-”
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), volume I, Bern, München: Francke Verlag, page 298
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*i̯ebʰ-⁰”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, page 309
  5. ^ Mallory, J. P.; Adams, D. Q., editors (1997) Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture, London, Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, page 508
  6. ^ Adams, Douglas Q. (2013), “yäp-”, in A Dictionary of Tocharian B: Revised and Greatly Enlarged (Leiden Studies in Indo-European; 10), Amsterdam, New York: Rodopi, →ISBN, pages 537-538
  7. ^ Edelʹman, D. I. (2011), “*i̯ab-”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ iranskix jazykov [Etymological Dictionary of Iranian Languages] (in Russian), volume IV, Moscow: Vostochnaya Literatura, pages 60-62
  8. ^ Benzing, Johannes (1983), “byʾβy-”, in Chwaresmischer Wortindex, Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz
  9. 9.0 9.1 Melchert, H. Craig (2001) Lexica Anatolica[1], pages 90—91
  10. ^ Kazanskene, V. P.; Kazanskij, N. N. (1986), “ze-pu₂-ro”, in Предметно-понятийный словарь греческого языка. Крито-микенский период (in Russian), Leningrad (Saint Petersburg): Nauka, page 64 of 207