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This Proto-Indo-Iranian entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.


Alternative reconstructions[edit]


From Proto-Indo-European *(h₁)ey-. Cognate with Proto-Germanic *iz, Proto-Italic *is.


*ayám m[1][2][3][4]

  1. he, this (proximal)



  1. ^ Skjævø, Prods Oktor (2003) An Introduction to Young Avestan[1], 4th edition, page 44
  2. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992), “ay-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 103
  3. ^ Blažek, Václav; Hegedűs, Irén (2010), “On the position of Nuristani within Indo-Iranian”, in Sukač, Roman; Šefčík, Ondřej, editors, Sound of Indo-European 2: Papers on Indo-European Phonetics, Phonemics and Morphophonemics[2], volume 41, Munich: Lincom Studies in Indo-European Linguistics, published 2012, →ISBN, page 56
  4. ^ Martínez García, Javier; de Vaan, Michiel (2014) Introduction to Avestan (Brill Introductions to Indo-European Languages; 1)‎[3], Brill, →ISBN