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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Alternative reconstructions




Inherited from Proto-Balto-Slavic *jeˀro-, from Proto-Indo-European *yōro- or *yēro- (year).

Cognate with Lithuanian jė́ras (lamb), Latvian ję̃rs (lamb), Avestan 𐬫𐬁𐬭- (yār-, year), Ancient Greek ὥρᾱ (hṓrā, any defined period of time, season, year), Proto-Germanic *jērą (year), Latin hōrnus (of this year).



*jȃro n[1][2][3]

  1. spring
    Synonym: *vesnà



Alternative forms


Derived terms



  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: jaro
    • Polish: jaro (dated)
    • Slovak: jaro
    • Sorbian:
      • Lower Sorbian: jaro (dated)

See also



  1. ^ Trubachyov, Oleg, editor (1981), “*jaro / *jara / *jarъ”, in Этимологический словарь славянских языков [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), numbers 8 (*xa – *jьvьlga), Moscow: Nauka, page 175
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “jaro”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:c (NA 116, 135)
  3. ^ Boryś, Wiesław (2005) “jary I”, in Słownik etymologiczny języka polskiego (in Polish), Kraków: Wydawnictwo Literackie, →ISBN, page 204

Further reading

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “яра”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) “*ěro; *ěra; *ěrъ I”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 151