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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From the same root as *česàti (to scratch, to comb). Cognate with Lithuanian kasýti (to scratch constantly), Latvian kasît (to scratch, to rake, to plane). See *česàti for further cognates.


*kasati impf

  1. to touch? to trot? to fold?


Related terms[edit]

  • *kosa ((braided) hair)
  • *kosmъ (lock of hair, tuft)


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: касатисꙗ (kasatisja, to touch, to concern) (11th century)
  • West Slavic:
    • Old Czech: kasati (to roll up)
      • Czech: kasat (to roll up)
    • Old Polish: kasać (to fold back, to tuck up)
      • Polish: kasać (to grab, to prepare, to climb, to aspire) (obsolete or dialectal)
    • Slovak: kasať (to roll up)
    • Slovincian: kãsăc
    • Sorbian:
      • Upper Sorbian: kasać (to roll up)
      • Lower Sorbian: kasaś (to roll up, to lift)


  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “каса́ться”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 1, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, page 384
  • Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*kasati”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 221
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1983) , “*kasati (sę)”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 09, Moscow: Nauka, page 155
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “каса́ться”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress