Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/kosa

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kes- (to comb, scratch). Cognate with Lithuanian kasa (braid) and akin to Old Prussian kexti (braided hair).

Noun[edit]

*kosà f[1][2]

  1. hair
  2. braided hair
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: коса (kosa)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:
    • Old Czech: kosa
    • Old Polish: kosa
      • Polish: kosa (dialectal)
    • Sorbian:
Further reading[edit]
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “коса”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1984) , “*kosa I”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 11, Moscow: Nauka, page 131
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1979) , “коса¹”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 2, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 653

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*kosà I”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 238: “f. ā (c) ‘hair, braided hair’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “kosa kosy”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c braid; combed hair (NA 88, 141; SA 24; PR 138)”

Etymology 2[edit]

Either etymologically identical with *kosa (hair) or from Proto-Indo-European *ḱos-, o-grade of *ḱes- (to cut), via depalatalization *ḱ*k. Possibly related to Latin cassus (hollow, lacking), Latin castrō (to castrate), Sanskrit शस्त्र (śastra, sword, dagger).

Noun[edit]

*kosà f[1][2][3]

  1. scythe
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Further reading[edit]
  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “коса”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1984) , “*kosa II”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 11, Moscow: Nauka, page 131
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1979) , “коса²”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 2, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 655

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*kosà II”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 238: “f. ā (b) ‘scythe’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “kosa kosy”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b (NA 90, 141; SA 20, 156); c (PR 138) scythe, curved blade”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) , “kósa”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “*kosa̋”