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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Resultant noun of *kopati (to dig) +‎ *-a, cognate with Latvian kaps (grave), Lithuanian kãpas (grave).


*kopà f[1][2][3]

  1. heap, pile



  • East Slavic:
    • Russian: копа́ (kopá)
    • Ukrainian: копа́ (kopá)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “копа́”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Trubačóv, Oleg, editor (1984) , “*kopa”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 11, Moscow: Nauka, page 11
  • Georgiev Vl. I., editor (1979) , “копа”, in Български етимологичен речник [Bulgarian Etymological Dictionary] (in Bulgarian), volume 2, Sofia: Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, page 607


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*kopa”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 232: “f. ā ‘heap, shock’”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) , “kopa kopy”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c bunke (PR 138)”
  3. ^ Snoj, Marko (2016) , “kópa”, in Slovenski etimološki slovar, Ljubljana: Inštitut za slovenski jezik Frana Ramovša ZRC SAZU, →ISBN: “*kopa̋”