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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



1. Masculine form from early neutral *liko, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *léika, from Proto-Indo-European *léykom. Baltic cognates include Old Prussian laygnan (cheek). Indo-European cognates include Old Irish lecca (jaw, cheek).

2. Homonym *likъ meaning dance is from Proto-Germanic *laikaz, *laikiz. Cognate with Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌺𐍃 (laiks).


*likъ m[1][2]

  1. face
  2. round dance, chorus; play
  3. assembly



  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: ликъ (likŭ)
    • Russian: лик (lik) (ecclesiastical)
    • Ukrainian: лик (lyk)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:

Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “лик”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*likъ”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 278: “m. o”
  2. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “likъ”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “c mængde, tal (PR 137)”