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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *pъta +‎ *-ica, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *put-. Cognate with Latvian putns (bird), Lithuanian putýtis (little bird), Lithuanian pučiùtė (chicken). More distantly cognate with Latin putila (chick, baby bird) and (per Vasmer) various words referring to children, e.g. Latin putus, putillus (child), Sanskrit पुत्र (putrá, child, son), Avestan 𐬞𐬎𐬚𐬭𐬀(puθra, child, son), Paelignian puclo- (child). Chernykh adds Latin pullus (chicken) < Proto-Indo-European *put-s-lo-.


*pъtìca f[1]

  1. bird


Related terms[edit]


  • East Slavic:
    • Old East Slavic: пътица (pŭtica)

Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) , “пти́ца”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), translated from German and supplemented by Oleg Trubačóv, Moscow: Progress
  • Černyx, P. Ja. (1999) , “пти́ца”, in Istoriko-etimologičeskij slovarʹ russkovo jazyka [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2, 3rd reprint edition, Moscow: Russkij jazyk, pages 79–80


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*pъtìca”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 425: “f. jā (a) ‘bird’”