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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From *pъta +‎ *-ica, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *put-. Cognate with Latvian putns (bird), Lithuanian putýtis (little bird), Lithuanian pučiùtė (chicken). More distantly cognate with Latin putila (chick, baby bird) and (per Vasmer) various words referring to children, e.g. Latin putus, putillus (child), Sanskrit पुत्र (putrá, child, son), Avestan 𐬞𐬎𐬚𐬭𐬀(puθra, child, son), Paelignian puclo- (child). Chernykh adds Latin pullus (chicken) < Proto-Indo-European *put-s-lo-.


*pъtìca f[1]

  1. bird


Related terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973), “пти́ца”, in Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), transl. & suppl. by Oleg Trubachyov, Moscow: Progress
  • Chernykh, P. Ja. (1993), “пти́ца”, in Историко-этимологический словарь русского языка [Historical-Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), volume 2 (панцирь – ящур), 3rd edition, Moscow: Russian Lang., →ISBN, page 79


  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*pъtìca”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden; Boston: Brill, →ISBN, →ISSN, page 425: “f. jā (a) ‘bird’”