Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
- Spelling variation of sofi, cognate to Italian sofì, Spanish sofí. a. 1535, from Ottoman Turkish [Term?] (sofi), from Persian صفی (ṣafī, “pure, clear, bright; just, upright, sincere”), صفوی (ṣafawī, “a royal surname implying a descendant or successor of Ṣafī”), from Ismail Safavi, the founder of the dynasty, from Arabic epithet [script needed] (Safil-din, literally “pure of religion”), ultimately from Arabic صَافٍ (ṣāfin, “pure”). Not related to Sufi.
- A title of a Safavid dynasty shah. [1501–1736]
- For more examples of usage of this term, see Citations:Sophy.
The title was replaced by the generic term shah.
- "Sophy", in Garland Cannon, Alan S, Kaye, eds., The Persian contributions to the English language : an historical dictionary, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2001, p. 137. ISBN 9783447045032.
- Walter W. Skeat, editor (1910), “Sophy”, in An Etymological Dictionary of the English Language, new edition, Oxford: The Clarendon Press, OCLC 582746570, page 582.
- Charles A. M. Fennell, editor (1892), “sophy”, in The Stanford Dictionary of Anglicised Words and Phrases, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, OCLC 670193402, page 734.
- ^ Roger Savory (1980) Iran under the Safavids, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521224833, published 2007, page 259: “The Safavid shahs were commonly termed by Western writers "Sophie", "Sophy", "Sophi" or "Soffi". All these terms were probably corruptions of Ṣafī, the name of the founder of the Safavid Order, rather than of Ṣūfī, as the Safavid supporters called themselves.”
- ^ "sophi", in The Century Dictionary, New York: The Century, 1914, v. 9, p. 5772.