Thermidor

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See also: thermidor

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French thermidor, from Ancient Greek θέρμη (thérmē, heat) + δῶρον (dôron, gift).

Pronunciation[edit]

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Proper noun[edit]

Thermidor (plural Thermidors)

  1. (historical) The eleventh month of the French Republican Calendar, from July 19 or 20 to August 17 or 18.

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

Thermidor (plural Thermidors)

  1. A counterrevolution; a coup d'état resembling the Thermidorian Reaction.
    • 2003, David Caute, The Dancer Defects: The Struggle for Cultural Supremacy during the Cold War, OUP Oxford, ISBN 9780191554582, page 329:
      According to Sartre — this was a famous polemic — Camus had now made his Thermidor (counter-revolution) by attempting to stand outside or above history;
    • 2008, Martin Malia; Terence Emmons, History's Locomotives: Revolutions and the Making of the Modern World, Yale University Press, ISBN 9780300126907, page 304:
      So the author, after seeking vainly between the editions of 1938 and 1965 a peg on which to hang his Thermidor, in the end gave up and labeled the Russian case "permanent revolution," without, however, explaining how this aberrant outcome of the Bolshevik fever came about.
    • 2008, Robert V. Daniels, The Rise and Fall of Communism in Russia, Yale University Press, ISBN 9780300134933:
      The year —that was the beginning of the Soviet Thermidor.''43 Thus Trotsky finally recognized that a Thermidor had in fact occurred, not as an overt bourgeois coup but as a more subtle political shift within the ruling party.
    • 2009, Philip Abbott, Political Thought in America: Conversations and Debates, Fourth Edition, Waveland Press, ISBN 9781478607663, page 46:
      Usually, in a Thermidor, the democratic reforms that appeared early in the revolution are wiped out along with many of the radical policies.

Derived terms[edit]