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From Latin Transoxiana, from trans (“beyond”) + Oxus (“Amu Darya”), literally “lands beyond Oxus”, ultimately after Arabic مَا وَراءَ النَّهْر (mā warāʔa n-nahr, literally “what is beyond the river”).
- (historical) An ancient portion of Central Asia, the region between the Amu Darya (Classical Oxus) and Syr Darya rivers, corresponding approximately with modern-day Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and southwest Kazakhstan.
- 1990, James D. Tracy, editor, The Rise of Merchant Empires, Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 358:
- The success of this trade depended upon the security of four areas- the oases south of the T'ien Shan mountains in the area known as Uyghuristan, the towns of Transoxiana, the cities of Persia, and the commercial centers of Turkey.
ancient portion of Central Asia