User:-sche/German terms of Eskimo-Aleut origin

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This list includes common nouns which originated from Eskimo or Aleut languages, it does not include the names of tribes or places. If a common noun is also the name of a tribe or place (e.g. "Mohawk"), this is noted, however.

from Aleut languages[edit]

from Eskimo languages[edit]

from Inuit languages[edit]

specific language unclear[edit]

  • der Kabloona / Kabluna (rare) — "(in Canada or Greenland) non-Inuit person (especially if European)" — via English from Eastern Canadian Inuktitut qallunaaq (foreigner) or Template:kl kablunâk (an older spelling of kallunaaq) or a combination of both
  • der/die/das Muktuk (rare) — "whale skin and blubber (as used as a food by the Inuit)" — (probably via English) from Western Canadian Inuktitut [script needed] (maqtaq) or Inupiak maktak (whaleskin with attached blubber)
  • der Pingo — "hydrolaccolith, mound of earth-covered ice" — from Template:kl or Inuktitut pingu (small hill)
  • der Tupilak (uncommon) — "monster (either invisible or having a physical form constructed from animal bones, sinew, etc) created in secret by a shaman and sent into the sea to seek and kill a specific enemy", "(small) representation of such a monster, often carved from whale bone" — from Template:kl or Inuktitut (cognates exist in both languages) ᑐᐱᓚᒃ (tupilaq)
below this line = not done



  • chimo — "hello, goodbye" (a salutation, now generally used ironically) — Inuktitut ᓴᐃᒧ (saimu, goodbye; peace be with you)
  • igloo — "durable dome-shaped shelter constructed of blocks cut from hard snow" — Inuktitut ᐃᒡᓗ (iglu) (contrast "quinzhee")
  • inuksuk (also: inukshuk) — "structure of piled stones, designed to resemble a humanoid figure" — Inuktitut ᐃᓄᒃᓱᒃ (inuksuk, in the likeness of a human)
  • kamik — "mukluk, soft knee-high boot" — Inuktitut ᑲᒥᒃ (kamik, boot, shoe, footwear)
  • ookpik — "handicraft toy stuffed owl, often made from wolf fur, sealskin or similar materials" — Inuktitut ᐅᒃᐱᒃ (ukpik, snowy owl)
  • Tiktaalik (sometimes: tiktaalik) — "taxonomic genus within the subclass Tetrapodomorpha", "member of this genus: an extinct fish which evolved to walk on land" — Inuktitut tiktaalik (shallow-water fish)
Eastern Canadian Inuktitut
Western Canadian Inuktitut
  • der/das Kajak — "small boat powered by the occupant(s) using a double-bladed paddle in a sitting position" — Western Canadian Inuktitut ᖃᔭᖅ (qajaq, man's boat; kayak; canoe)
  • umiak — "large, open boat made of skins stretched over a wooden frame, propelled by paddles" — Western Canadian Inuktitut ᐅᒥᐊᖅ (umiaq, women's boat; sealskin boat; boat)


  • malamute — "particular breed of husky dog" — so called after the people who bred them, known in Inupiak as malimiut
  • masu — "Hedysarum alpinum, which has an edible root" — Inupiak ᒪᓱ (masu, edible root)
  • tupik — "tent-like type of Native American dwelling made from animal skins, used by the Inuit in the summer" — Inupiak ᑐᐱᒃ (tupik)
  • qargi — "traditional, large, semisubterranean men's communal house, in which communal and ceremonial events are hosted, kashim" — Inupiak qargi (synonymous with "qasgiq")

from Yupik languages[edit]

specific language unclear[edit]

  • kuspuk — "lightweight dress-like parka worn by (Eskimo) women", "overshirt worn by (Eskimo) men and women" — from a Yupik language term qaspeq
  • qasgiq — "traditional, large, semisubterranean men's communal house, in which communal and ceremonial events are hosted, kashim" — from a Yupik language term qasgiq (synonymous with "qargi")

Central Siberian Yupik[edit]