abducens

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortening of abducens nerve, in turn from Latin nervus abdūcēns.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /æb.ˈdu.ˌsɛnz/, /æb.ˈdju.ˌsɛnz/

Noun[edit]

abducens (plural abducentes)

  1. (anatomy) The abducens nerve: the nerve in humans and most animals that governs the motion of the lateral rectus muscle of the eye. [Early 19th century.][1]
    Synonym: sixth nerve
    • 1895, System of Surgery, volume 2, page 672:
      Although the abducens runs in a fissure along the so-often fractured petrous bone, a rupture of the nerve-trunk has never been noticed in autopsies save once

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “abducens” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, →ISBN, page 3.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Present active participle of abdūcō (take away).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Participle[edit]

abdūcēns (genitive abdūcentis); third-declension one-termination participle

  1. taking away, leading away or aside; removing
  2. withdrawing
  3. robbing, ravishing
  4. seducing, charming
  5. reducing, degrading, lowering

Declension[edit]

Third-declension participle.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative abdūcēns abdūcentēs abdūcentia
Genitive abdūcentis abdūcentium
Dative abdūcentī abdūcentibus
Accusative abdūcentem abdūcēns abdūcentēs
abdūcentīs
abdūcentia
Ablative abdūcente
abdūcentī1
abdūcentibus
Vocative abdūcēns abdūcentēs abdūcentia

1When used purely as an adjective.