abducens

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortening of "abducens nerve", in turn from Latin nervus abducens, from abducent, abducens

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /æb.ˈdu.ˌsɛnz/, /æb.ˈdju.ˌsɛnz/

Noun[edit]

abducens ‎(plural abducentes)

  1. (anatomy) The abducens nerve: the nerve in humans and most animals that governs the motion of the lateral rectus muscle of the eye. [Early 19th century.][1]
    • 1895, System of Surgery, volume 2, page 672:
      Although the abducens runs in a fissure along the so-often fractured petrous bone, a rupture of the nerve-trunk has never been noticed in autopsies save once

Synonyms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 3

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Present active participle of abdūcō ‎(take away).

Participle[edit]

abducēns m, f, n ‎(genitive abducentis); third declension

  1. taking away, leading away or aside; removing
  2. withdrawing
  3. robbing, ravishing
  4. seducing, charming
  5. reducing, degrading, lowering

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, neuter nominative singular like masculine/feminine.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative abducēns abducēns abducentēs abducentia
genitive abducentis abducentis abducentium abducentium
dative abducentī abducentī abducentibus abducentibus
accusative abducentem abducēns abducentēs abducentia
ablative abducente, abducentī1 abducente, abducentī2 abducentibus abducentibus
vocative abducēns abducēns abducentēs abducentia

1When used purely as an adjective.
2When used purely as an adjective.