abducens

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English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Shortening of "abducens nerve", in turn from Latin nervus abdūcēns.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (US) IPA(key): /æb.ˈdu.ˌsɛnz/, /æb.ˈdju.ˌsɛnz/

Noun[edit]

abducens (plural abducentes)

  1. (anatomy) The abducens nerve: the nerve in humans and most animals that governs the motion of the lateral rectus muscle of the eye. [Early 19th century.][1]
    Synonyms: sixth nerve
    • 1895, System of Surgery, volume 2, page 672:
      Although the abducens runs in a fissure along the so-often fractured petrous bone, a rupture of the nerve-trunk has never been noticed in autopsies save once

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “abducens” in Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief; William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford; New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, 2002, ISBN 978-0-19-860457-0, page 3.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Present active participle of abdūcō (take away).

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

abdūcēns m, f, n (genitive abdūcentis); third declension

  1. taking away, leading away or aside; removing
  2. withdrawing
  3. robbing, ravishing
  4. seducing, charming
  5. reducing, degrading, lowering

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative abdūcēns abdūcentēs abdūcentia
genitive abdūcentis abdūcentium
dative abdūcentī abdūcentibus
accusative abdūcentem abdūcēns abdūcentēs abdūcentia
ablative abdūcente, abdūcentī1 abdūcentibus
vocative abdūcēns abdūcentēs abdūcentia

1When used purely as an adjective.