adonise

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See also: Adonise and adonisé

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Adonis, beloved of Aphrodite.

Verb[edit]

adonise (third-person singular simple present adonises, present participle adonising, simple past and past participle adonised)

  1. (transitive) To embellish or adorn, especially in order to improve the appearance of.
    • 1804, Christoph Martin Wieland, Confessions in Elysium: Or, The Adventures of a Platonic, page 73-74:
      Delighted with each other......we rambled....arm in arm......about the citron groves;.......and, when a mossy bank invited our repose...my charmer would weave garlands of flowers to adonise her shepherd ; ..........recline upon my arm..... and to the gentle lullaby of a murmuring stream..... sink into forgetfulness
    • 1830, an old army surgeon, Economy of the hands and feet, fingers and toes, page 107:
      Formerly, if not exactly to the same extent at the present day, mineral substances were only made use of to adonise the complexion ; indeed, every composition is qualified with this name, whether it be white or red, which women, and even men (coxcombs), with a clear skin, subserve to embellish their faces, with a view to imitate the colours of youth, or artificially to repair the absence of them.
    • 2013, Steven Douglas, Lincoln’s Bedsheet, ISBN 1448189578:
      Of all the looming Negroes that Lincoln could have brought into the White House to adonise his cause, Johnson had been his choice, with the scuttling train of a monitor lizard.
  2. (intransitive) To enhance one's own appearance.
    • 1820, Peter Bayley, Sketches from St. George's Fields, page 122:
      Leaving a breath to swell his tradesmen's books, To adonise, to smile, and kill with looks;
    • 1859, Mrs. Octavius Freire Owen, Raised to the Peerage: A Novel, page 158:
      Since I parted with Darnley, who went in to adonise, I believe, Cameron has been hindering me with acknowledgments and regrets.
    • 1891, John Keats (ed Sir Sidney Colvin), Letters of John Keats to His Family and Friends, page 291:
      Whenever I find myself growing vapourish, I rouse myself, wash, and put on a clean shirt, brush my hair and clothes, tie my shoestrings neatly, and in fact adonise as I were going out.

Usage notes[edit]

Originally, this word was often capitalized, perhaps reflecting its origins from a proper noun (Adonis). After about 1850, however, the use of the upper case version gives way to a lower-case version.

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

adonise

  1. first-person singular present indicative of adoniser
  2. third-person singular present indicative of adoniser
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of adoniser
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of adoniser
  5. second-person singular imperative of adoniser