arājs

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Latvian[edit]

Arājs

Etymology[edit]

Apparently a mixture of arējs ((temporary) plowman) and an unattested form *artājs, from art (to plow) +‎ -ājs. Cognates include Proto-Slavic *ortajь (Russian archaic ратай (rataj), Old Church Slavonic ратай (rátaj)).[1]

Noun[edit]

arājs m (1st declension)

  1. plowman (person who plows the land (with a horse-drawn plow)
    arājs stingri turēja arkluthe plowman firmly held the plow
    arājs nāca tīrumā artthe plowman came to the field to plow
    arājs ara un gani ganījathe plowman plows and the shepherds tend (the sheep)

Usage notes[edit]

The difference between arājs and arējs seems to be that arājs describes a profession, a permanent way of life, whereas arējs refers to someone (or some animal) who happens to be plowing now.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “art”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7