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From Ancient Greek ἄθεος (átheos, without God/gods). See atheist.


atheous (comparative more atheous, superlative most atheous)

  1. (obsolete) atheistic
    • 1612, Hall, Joseph, “The Sages and the Star”, in Contemplations upon the principal passages of the holie storie:
      It is an ignorant conceit, that enquiry into nature should make men atheous: no man is so apt to see the star of Christ, as a diligent disciple of philosophy.
    • 1671, Milton, John, Paradise regain'd, a poem in IV books: to which is added Samson Agonistes[1], London: John Starkey, →OL, The First Book, page 487:
      Thy Father, who is holy, wiſe and pure,
      Suffers the Hypocrite or Atheous Prieſt
      To tread his Sacred Courts...
    • 1792, Lloyd, David, The Voyage of Life: A Poem. in Nine Books, volume 3, C. Dilly, page 46:
      In atheous men conscience becomes a scourge.
  2. (obsolete) Without God, neither accepting nor denying him.
    • 1880, Harvey Goodwin, “God and Nature”, in Popular Science:
      I should say science was atheous, and therefore could not be atheistic.