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Alternative forms[edit]


Syncopated form of balineum, an early borrowing from Ancient Greek βαλανεῖον (balaneîon) which displays vowel reduction of a to i.



balneum n (genitive balneī); second declension

  1. bath, bathing place, bathroom
    • (Can we date this quote?), Another Letter from Young M. Aurelius to Fronto, quoted in 1879 by Cruttwell and Banton (editors) in Specimens of Roman Literature: Passages Illustrative of Roman Thought and Style, section 188, page 599:
      [] discus crepuit, id est pater meus in balneum transisse nuntiatus est.
      The gong rang, it is announced that my father is going to the bath.


The inflection of this noun was irregular. Usually, the plural became feminine and first declension with the specific meaning of a public place for bathing (e.g. public baths):

Second-declension noun (neuter) or first-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative balneum balneae
Genitive balneī balneārum
Dative balneō balneīs
Accusative balneum balneās
Ablative balneō balneīs
Vocative balneum balneae

Since the Augustan period the following regular declension was sometimes used:

Second-declension noun (neuter).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative balneum balnea
Genitive balneī balneōrum
Dative balneō balneīs
Accusative balneum balnea
Ablative balneō balneīs
Vocative balneum balnea

Occasionally, the back-form balnea was used as a singular.

Derived terms[edit]



  • balneum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • balneum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • balneum in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • balneum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • balneum in Samuel Ball Platner (1929), Thomas Ashby, editor, A Topographical Dictionary of Ancient Rome, London: Oxford University Press