bjarga

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Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse bjarga, from Proto-Germanic *berganą, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰergʰ-.

Verb[edit]

bjarga (third person singular past indicative bjargaði, third person plural past indicative bjargaðu, supine bjargað)

  1. to save, to rescue
    at bjarga heimin
    to save the world

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of bjarga (group v-30)
infinitive bjarga
supine bjargað
participle (a6)1 bjargandi bjargaður
present past
first singular bjargi bjargaði
second singular bjargar bjargaði
third singular bjargar bjargaði
plural bjarga bjargaðu
imperative
singular bjarga!
plural bjargið!
1Only the past participle being declined.

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse bjarga, from Proto-Germanic *berganą, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰergʰ-.

Verb[edit]

bjarga (weak verb, third-person singular past indicative bjargaði, supine bjargað) or
(archaic) bjarga (strong verb, third-person singular past indicative barg, third-person plural past indicative burgu, supine borgið)

  1. (with dative) to save, rescue
  2. (with dative) to take care of, handle (something that came up or something that needs to be done)
  3. (with dative, reflexive) to sustain oneself, make a living
  4. (with dative, reflexive) to manage, get along
  5. (in the mediopassive) to sustain oneself, make a living
  6. (in the mediopassive) to survive, be saved, escape death or calamity
  7. (in the mediopassive, describing a situation) to turn out all right, to get resolved
Conjugation[edit]

or

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

bjarga

  1. indefinite genitive plural of björg

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

bjarga

  1. indefinite genitive plural of bjarg

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *berganą, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰergʰ-.

Verb[edit]

bjarga (singular past indicative barg, plural past indicative burgu, past participle borginn)

  1. to save

Conjugation[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Icelandic: bjarga
  • Faroese: bjarga
  • Norwegian: berge
  • Old Swedish: biærgha
  • Old Danish: biærghæ
  • Westrobothnian: berg

References[edit]

  • bjarga in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press