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Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]


From Frankish *blētjan (to bruise), from Proto-Germanic *blaitijaną (to discolour, bruise), from *blaitaz (pale, discoloured), from Proto-Indo-European *bhlAid- (pale, pallid). Cognate with Old High German bleiza, bleizza (livor, bruise), Old English blāt (pale, livid). More at blate.



  1. (transitive) to hurt; to injure


This verb conjugates as a first-group verb ending in -ier, with a palatal stem. These verbs are conjugated mostly like verbs in -er, but there is an extra i before the e of some endings. The forms that would normally end in *-c, *-cs, *-ct are modified to z, z, zt. In addition, c becomes ç before an a, o or u to keep the /ts/ sound intact. Old French conjugation varies significantly by date and by region. The following conjugation should be treated as a guide.