cían

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: cian, Cian, cián, Cían, ĉian, and cía-ŋ

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kēnos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cían

  1. far, distant
  2. long-lasting
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 28c25
      Nípi cían a masse in choirp.
      The beauty of the body is not long-lasting.

Declension[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative cían cían cían
Vocative céin*
cían**
Accusative cían céin
Genitive céin céine céin
Dative cían céin cían
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative céin cíana
Vocative cíanu
cíana
Accusative cíanu
cíana
Genitive cían
Dative cíanaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: cian
  • Scottish Gaelic: cian

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cían chían cían
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

cían

  1. Second-person plural (ustedes) present indicative form of ciar.
  2. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present indicative form of ciar.