cían

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See also: cian, Cian, cián, Cían, ĉian, and cía-ŋ

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kēnos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

cían

  1. far, distant
  2. long, lasting

Declension[edit]

o/ā-stem
Singular Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative cían cían cían
Vocative céin*
cían**
Accusative cían céin
Genitive céin céine céin
Dative cían céin cían
Plural Masculine Feminine/neuter
Nominative céin cíana
Vocative cíanu
cíana
Accusative cíanu
cíana
Genitive cían
Dative cíanaib
Notes *modifying a noun whose vocative is different from its nominative

**modifying a noun whose vocative is identical to its nominative
† not when substantivized

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cían chían cían
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • cían” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

cían

  1. Second-person plural (ustedes) present indicative form of ciar.
  2. Third-person plural (ellos, ellas, also used with ustedes?) present indicative form of ciar.