calvus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kl̥h₂wós (bald) which contains the suffix *-wós (whence Latin -vus), from *kalw-, *galw- (naked, bald). Cognate with Avestan 𐬐𐬀𐬎𐬭𐬎𐬎𐬀 (kauruua, bald), Sanskrit कुल्व (kulva, bald), Persian کل (kal), Old English calu, German kahl, Old Church Slavonic голъ (golŭ, naked), Russian го́лый (gólyj).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

calvus (feminine calva, neuter calvum); first/second declension

  1. bald, hairless

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative calvus calva calvum calvī calvae calva
genitive calvī calvae calvī calvōrum calvārum calvōrum
dative calvō calvō calvīs
accusative calvum calvam calvum calvōs calvās calva
ablative calvō calvā calvō calvīs
vocative calve calva calvum calvī calvae calva

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • calvus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • calvus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “calvus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • calvus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • calvus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • calvus in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray
  • calvus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill