cardinal numeral

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cardinal numeral (plural cardinal numerals)

  1. (grammar) A word used to represent a cardinal number.
    • 1678Edward Phillips, The new world of English words: or, a new general dictionary, (first ed. 1658)
      Cardinal numerals, are those which express the number of things.
    • 1872, Richard Morris, Historical outlines of English accidence, page 110:
      Numbers may be considered under their divisions — Cardinal, Ordinal, and Indefinite Numerals.
    • 1993 — William W. Derbyshire, A Basic Reference Grammar of Slovene (Columbus, Ohio: Slavica Publishers, Inc.), p.56
      The cardinal numeral ‘one’ occurs in the singular and is declined like bogàt.
    • 2002 — Laurie Bauer & Rodney Huddleston, "Lexical word-formation", p1621-1722 in The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, p1716
      Numerals cut across the division between syntax and morphology: cardinal numerals expressing numbers below 100 are single words, while those expressing higher numbers are syntactically composite.
    • 2005 — F. M. Wheelock, Wheelock’s Latin, 6th ed. revised (New York: Harper Resources, 2005), p.97
      In Latin most cardinal numerals through 100 are indeclinable adjectives.

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