cardinal numeral

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Noun[edit]

cardinal numeral (plural cardinal numerals)

  1. (grammar) A word used to represent a cardinal number.
    • 1706, Edward Phillips, compiler; J[ohn] K[ersey the younger], “Numerals”, in The New World of Words: Or, Universal English Dictionary. [], 6th edition, London: [] J. Phillips, []; N. Rhodes, []; and J. Taylor, [], OCLC 913406157, column 1:
      Cardinal Numerals, are thoſe which expreſs the Number of things, as One, Two, Three, Four; [...]
    • 1872, Richard Morris, Historical outlines of English accidence, page 110:
      Numbers may be considered under their divisions — Cardinal, Ordinal, and Indefinite Numerals.
    • 1993 — William W. Derbyshire, A Basic Reference Grammar of Slovene (Columbus, Ohio: Slavica Publishers, Inc.), p.56
      The cardinal numeral ‘one’ occurs in the singular and is declined like bogàt.
    • 2002 — Laurie Bauer & Rodney Huddleston, "Lexical word-formation", p1621-1722 in The Cambridge Grammar of the English Language, p1716
      Numerals cut across the division between syntax and morphology: cardinal numerals expressing numbers below 100 are single words, while those expressing higher numbers are syntactically composite.
    • 2005 — F. M. Wheelock, Wheelock’s Latin, 6th ed. revised (New York: Harper Resources, 2005), p.97
      In Latin most cardinal numerals through 100 are indeclinable adjectives.

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