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Alternative forms[edit]


Like its cognate / alternative form chinkapin, chinquapin is an alteration of chechinquamin / chincomen (the form found in early records), from an Algonquian language (sometimes said specifically to be from Powhatan). The final element is *mini (berry, fruit). Hewitt suggested that the first element was a word meaning "large, great" cognate to xinkw- (big, large, great).[1]


chinquapin (plural chinquapins)

  1. Any of the trees in the genus Castanopsis.
  2. Any of the trees and shrubs in the genus Chrysolepis.
  3. A water chinquapin, the water plant Nelumbo lutea, American lotus.
  4. The redear sunfish (Lepomis microlophus).
  5. A species in the chestnut genus Castanea:
    1. Allegheny chinkapin (Castanea pumila)
    2. Ozark chinkapin (Castanea ozarkensis)
    3. Chinese chinkapin (Castanea henryi)
  6. A chinkapin oak (Quercus muehlenbergii), a species of oak whose leaves resemble those of chestnut-genus chinquapins.



  1. ^ Bulletin 30 of the Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico: "Such forms as chincomen and chechinquamin, found in early writings, make plausible the supposition that a p was later substituted for an m in the last syllable of the word, which would then represent the widespread Algonquian radical min, 'fruit', 'seed'. The first component [...], according to Hewitt, is probably cognate with the Delaware chinqua, 'large', 'great'.