cika

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Rabha[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

cika

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Umbavu Varghese Joseph, Rabha (2007, →ISBN
  • An Initial Reconstruction of Proto-Boro-Garo (2008, →ISBN

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-cika

  1. to cover

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


Zulu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-cika

  1. to cover with leaves

Inflection[edit]

Tone L
Infinitive ukucika
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukucika ukungaciki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular cika -cike
Plural cikani -cikeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyacika, ngicika engicikayo, engicika ngicika angiciki engingaciki ngingaciki
2nd singular uyacika, ucika ocikayo, ocika ucika awuciki ongaciki ungaciki
1st plural siyacika, sicika esicikayo, esicika sicika asiciki esingaciki singaciki
2nd plural niyacika, nicika enicikayo, enicika nicika aniciki eningaciki ningaciki
Class 1 uyacika, ucika ocikayo, ocika ecika akaciki ongaciki engaciki
Class 2 bayacika, bacika abacikayo, abacika becika abaciki abangaciki bengaciki
Class 3 uyacika, ucika ocikayo, ocika ucika awuciki ongaciki ungaciki
Class 4 iyacika, icika ecikayo, ecika icika ayiciki engaciki ingaciki
Class 5 liyacika, licika elicikayo, elicika licika aliciki elingaciki lingaciki
Class 6 ayacika, acika acikayo, acika ecika awaciki angaciki engaciki
Class 7 siyacika, sicika esicikayo, esicika sicika asiciki esingaciki singaciki
Class 8 ziyacika, zicika ezicikayo, ezicika zicika aziciki ezingaciki zingaciki
Class 9 iyacika, icika ecikayo, ecika icika ayiciki engaciki ingaciki
Class 10 ziyacika, zicika ezicikayo, ezicika zicika aziciki ezingaciki zingaciki
Class 11 luyacika, lucika olucikayo, olucika lucika aluciki olungaciki lungaciki
Class 14 buyacika, bucika obucikayo, obucika bucika abuciki obungaciki bungaciki
Class 15 kuyacika, kucika okucikayo, okucika kucika akuciki okungaciki kungaciki
Class 17 kuyacika, kucika okucikayo, okucika kucika akuciki okungaciki kungaciki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngicikile, ngicikē engicikile, engicikē ngicikile, ngicikē angicikanga engingacikanga ngingacikanga
2nd singular ucikile, ucikē ocikile, ocikē ucikile, ucikē awucikanga ongacikanga ungacikanga
1st plural sicikile, sicikē esicikile, esicikē sicikile, sicikē asicikanga esingacikanga singacikanga
2nd plural nicikile, nicikē enicikile, enicikē nicikile, nicikē anicikanga eningacikanga ningacikanga
Class 1 ucikile, ucikē ocikile, ocikē ecikile, ecikē akacikanga ongacikanga engacikanga
Class 2 bacikile, bacikē abacikile, abacikē becikile, becikē abacikanga abangacikanga bengacikanga
Class 3 ucikile, ucikē ocikile, ocikē ucikile, ucikē awucikanga ongacikanga ungacikanga
Class 4 icikile, icikē ecikile, ecikē icikile, icikē ayicikanga engacikanga ingacikanga
Class 5 licikile, licikē elicikile, elicikē licikile, licikē alicikanga elingacikanga lingacikanga
Class 6 acikile, acikē acikile, acikē ecikile, ecikē awacikanga angacikanga engacikanga
Class 7 sicikile, sicikē esicikile, esicikē sicikile, sicikē asicikanga esingacikanga singacikanga
Class 8 zicikile, zicikē ezicikile, ezicikē zicikile, zicikē azicikanga ezingacikanga zingacikanga
Class 9 icikile, icikē ecikile, ecikē icikile, icikē ayicikanga engacikanga ingacikanga
Class 10 zicikile, zicikē ezicikile, ezicikē zicikile, zicikē azicikanga ezingacikanga zingacikanga
Class 11 lucikile, lucikē olucikile, olucikē lucikile, lucikē alucikanga olungacikanga lungacikanga
Class 14 bucikile, bucikē obucikile, obucikē bucikile, bucikē abucikanga obungacikanga bungacikanga
Class 15 kucikile, kucikē okucikile, okucikē kucikile, kucikē akucikanga okungacikanga kungacikanga
Class 17 kucikile, kucikē okucikile, okucikē kucikile, kucikē akucikanga okungacikanga kungacikanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngācika engācika ngācika angicikanga engingacikanga ngingacikanga
2nd singular wācika owācika wācika awucikanga ongacikanga ungacikanga
1st plural sācika esācika sācika asicikanga esingacikanga singacikanga
2nd plural nācika enācika nācika anicikanga eningacikanga ningacikanga
Class 1 wācika owācika ācika akacikanga ongacikanga engacikanga
Class 2 bācika abācika bācika abacikanga abangacikanga bengacikanga
Class 3 wācika owācika wācika awucikanga ongacikanga ungacikanga
Class 4 yācika eyācika yācika ayicikanga engacikanga ingacikanga
Class 5 lācika elācika lācika alicikanga elingacikanga lingacikanga
Class 6 ācika ācika ācika awacikanga angacikanga engacikanga
Class 7 sācika esācika sācika asicikanga esingacikanga singacikanga
Class 8 zācika ezācika zācika azicikanga ezingacikanga zingacikanga
Class 9 yācika eyācika yācika ayicikanga engacikanga ingacikanga
Class 10 zācika ezācika zācika azicikanga ezingacikanga zingacikanga
Class 11 lwācika olwācika lwācika alucikanga olungacikanga lungacikanga
Class 14 bācika obācika bācika abucikanga obungacikanga bungacikanga
Class 15 kwācika okwācika kwācika akucikanga okungacikanga kungacikanga
Class 17 kwācika okwācika kwācika akucikanga okungacikanga kungacikanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingacika ngingacika ngingecike ngingecike
2nd singular ungacika ungacika ungecike ungecike
1st plural singacika singacika singecike singecike
2nd plural ningacika ningacika ningecike ningecike
Class 1 angacika engacika angecike engecike
Class 2 bangacika bengacika bangecike bengecike
Class 3 ungacika ungacika ungecike ungecike
Class 4 ingacika ingacika ingecike ingecike
Class 5 lingacika lingacika lingecike lingecike
Class 6 angacika engacika angecike engecike
Class 7 singacika singacika singecike singecike
Class 8 zingacika zingacika zingecike zingecike
Class 9 ingacika ingacika ingecike ingecike
Class 10 zingacika zingacika zingecike zingecike
Class 11 lungacika lungacika lungecike lungecike
Class 14 bungacika bungacika bungecike bungecike
Class 15 kungacika kungacika kungecike kungecike
Class 17 kungacika kungacika kungecike kungecike
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizocika engizocika ngizocika angizucika engingezucika ngingezucika
2nd singular uzocika ozocika uzocika awuzucika ongezucika ungezucika
1st plural sizocika esizocika sizocika asizucika esingezucika singezucika
2nd plural nizocika enizocika nizocika anizucika eningezucika ningezucika
Class 1 uzocika ozocika ezocika akazucika ongezucika engezucika
Class 2 bazocika abazocika bezocika abazucika abangezucika bengezucika
Class 3 uzocika ozocika uzocika awuzucika ongezucika ungezucika
Class 4 izocika ezocika izocika ayizucika engezucika ingezucika
Class 5 lizocika elizocika lizocika alizucika elingezucika lingezucika
Class 6 azocika azocika ezocika awazucika angezucika engezucika
Class 7 sizocika esizocika sizocika asizucika esingezucika singezucika
Class 8 zizocika ezizocika zizocika azizucika ezingezucika zingezucika
Class 9 izocika ezocika izocika ayizucika engezucika ingezucika
Class 10 zizocika ezizocika zizocika azizucika ezingezucika zingezucika
Class 11 luzocika oluzocika luzocika aluzucika olungezucika lungezucika
Class 14 buzocika obuzocika buzocika abuzucika obungezucika bungezucika
Class 15 kuzocika okuzocika kuzocika akuzucika okungezucika kungezucika
Class 17 kuzocika okuzocika kuzocika akuzucika okungezucika kungezucika
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyocika engiyocika ngiyocika angiyucika engingeyucika ngingeyucika
2nd singular uyocika oyocika uyocika awuyucika ongeyucika ungeyucika
1st plural siyocika esiyocika siyocika asiyucika esingeyucika singeyucika
2nd plural niyocika eniyocika niyocika aniyucika eningeyucika ningeyucika
Class 1 uyocika oyocika eyocika akayucika ongeyucika engeyucika
Class 2 bayocika abayocika beyocika abayucika abangeyucika bengeyucika
Class 3 uyocika oyocika uyocika awuyucika ongeyucika ungeyucika
Class 4 iyocika eyocika iyocika ayiyucika engeyucika ingeyucika
Class 5 liyocika eliyocika liyocika aliyucika elingeyucika lingeyucika
Class 6 ayocika ayocika eyocika awayucika angeyucika engeyucika
Class 7 siyocika esiyocika siyocika asiyucika esingeyucika singeyucika
Class 8 ziyocika eziyocika ziyocika aziyucika ezingeyucika zingeyucika
Class 9 iyocika eyocika iyocika ayiyucika engeyucika ingeyucika
Class 10 ziyocika eziyocika ziyocika aziyucika ezingeyucika zingeyucika
Class 11 luyocika oluyocika luyocika aluyucika olungeyucika lungeyucika
Class 14 buyocika obuyocika buyocika abuyucika obungeyucika bungeyucika
Class 15 kuyocika okuyocika kuyocika akuyucika okungeyucika kungeyucika
Class 17 kuyocika okuyocika kuyocika akuyucika okungeyucika kungeyucika
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngicike ngingaciki
2nd singular ucike ungaciki
1st plural sicike singaciki
2nd plural nicike ningaciki
Class 1 acike angaciki
Class 2 bacike bangaciki
Class 3 ucike ungaciki
Class 4 icike ingaciki
Class 5 licike lingaciki
Class 6 acike angaciki
Class 7 sicike singaciki
Class 8 zicike zingaciki
Class 9 icike ingaciki
Class 10 zicike zingaciki
Class 11 lucike lungaciki
Class 14 bucike bungaciki
Class 15 kucike kungaciki
Class 17 kucike kungaciki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngacika ngangacika, angacika, angangacika
2nd singular wacika wangacika, awacika, awangacika
1st plural sacika sangacika, asacika, asangacika
2nd plural nacika nangacika, anacika, anangacika
Class 1 wacika wangacika, akacika, akangacika
Class 2 bacika bangacika, abacika, abangacika
Class 3 wacika wangacika, awacika, awangacika
Class 4 yacika yangacika, ayacika, ayangacika
Class 5 lacika langacika, alacika, alangacika
Class 6 acika angacika, awacika, awangacika
Class 7 sacika sangacika, asacika, asangacika
Class 8 zacika zangacika, azacika, azangacika
Class 9 yacika yangacika, ayacika, ayangacika
Class 10 zacika zangacika, azacika, azangacika
Class 11 lwacika lwangacika, alwacika, alwangacika
Class 14 bacika bangacika, abacika, abangacika
Class 15 kwacika kwangacika, akwacika, akwangacika
Class 17 kwacika kwangacika, akwacika, akwangacika

References[edit]